June is prostate cancer awareness month. Prostate cancer is the leading cause of death in men age 75 years and older. Men age 60 and older as well as African American men are the at-risk group for prostate cancer. Also, men who obese, Vietnam Vets, heavy drinkers, painters, and those who work in industrial. Especially of interest, men who are vegetarians are less likely to get prostate cancer.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
- Delayed or slowed start of urinary stream
- Dribbling or leakage of urine, most often after urinating
- Slow urinary stream
- Straining when urinating, or not being able to empty all of the urine
- Blood in the urine or semen
When the cancer has spread, there may be bone pain or tenderness, most often in the lower back and pelvic bones. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001418/ Prostate cancer can be detected by a physical rectal exam to look for lumps, a blood test called PSA (prostate-specific antigen), and sometimes men detect an abnormality themselves.
Treatment for prostate cancer is usually surgery to remove the cancer, following by radiation. For men over a certain age, like 75, physicians prefer to monitor the cancer.
According to the CDC, 196,038 men in the United States were diagnosed with prostate cancer; 28,560 men in the United States died from prostate cancer. In Cleveland, 1 in 7 men, or 35%, has prostate cancer. www.cdc.gov
Because prostate cancer is so prevalent it is essential that men get tested annually. Those men at risk and those who has an incidence of cancer in their family, too, should get tested annually.