On February 23, 1903, the United States signed what is known as the Cuban-American Treaty (Cuban-American Treaty, 1903). The treaty established that Cuba would cede a certain portion of its land to the United States. The treaty also specified the use of the land would be for naval purposes, certain demands of fugitives appear in the text as well. In addition, commercial, industrial, or enterprising ventures would be prohibited in that portion of land. War materials subject to that portion of the land in Guantanamo Bay being leased by the United States from Cuba would not be subjected to duties or taxation by the Cuban government (Cuban-American Treaty, 1903).
The Cuban-American Treaty of 1903, established a protectorate relationship between Cuba and the United States. The Spanish-American War of 1898, in which the United States fought Spain, had left many Spanish territories without a central form of government, i.e., the Philippines, Puerto Rico, etc. The United States, feeling compelled to assist these new independent countries, helped them establish their own forms of government. In return these new countries either accepted becoming a United States territory or possession, or entered into treaties to retain their sovereign independence in the family of nations. After the Treaty of Paris of 1898, the United States had control of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam (Treaty of Paris, 1898). However, Cuba conferred its desire to be free from outside control thus the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903, and a few other treaty deviations from the latter.
Prior to the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903, the Treaty Between the United States and Cuba saw its beginning in 1901 although it did not become part of international law until it was ratified by the two countries in 1904. Unlike the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903, the previous treaty between these two countries established the Cuban people to be free and independent. However, it also established certain regulations where the Cuban government could not establish certain relationships with other governments (Treaty Between the U.S. and Cuba, 1904). This impaired Cuba's current existence. Nevertheless, this treaty enabled both countries to establish workable relations under International Law (treaty), that otherwise would not have been possible.
Seeing how the United States offered protection to the Cuban people after the war with Spain, the Cuban government sought a privilege through the establishment of the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903. Both countries benefited from this treaty. The Cuban people were privileged to receive protection from the United States, which allowed the United States to established a military presence in the Caribbean. These concessions gave way to the eventual signing and ratification of a new treaty, the Treaty Between the U.S. and Cuba in 1904.
The political atmosphere which came about from the end of the Spanish occupation of the Cuban island appeared joyful, for the Cuban island could now exercise self-determination (Treaty Between the U.S. and Cuba, 1898). The United States, on the other hand, saw good in the potential to establish itself as a formidable power against the reputable Spanish armadas and the rest of the world with this new treaty. In addition, the United States acquired the recognition of a benevolent nation for its acts to free and protect Cuba - a symbol of freedom and democracy throughout the world.
The Cuban-American Treaty of 1903, survived many decades without violations or variations by agreement until the year 1934, where secession from it ensued between the two countries. The Treaty of 1934 between the U.S. and Cuba is what came about from the secession from the previous treaty of 1903. New concessions regarding the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903, which helped the U.S. build a military presence in the Caribbean had to change. For instance, the territory granted to the United States in Guantanamo Bay could not expand beyond its previously set limits, and the naval station in Guantanamo Bay could continue to be under the United States' jurisdiction until such date the United States may abandon the territory (Treaty Between the U.S. and Cuba, 1934).
During the 1950s, when Fidel Castro led his revolutionary government and propelled it to power and control over the Cuban island, many of the concessions between the United States and Cuba ceased to exist. The reason for this exists within the text of the Law of Nations. According to Vattel (2008), once the peoples fall under a new form of government, either by consent or by force, that form of government has complete jurisdiction over those peoples (unless said people object to it, declared themselves independent of it and leave, or if they leave before such government establishes itself and other nation-states acknowledge it). Furthermore, the concessions made in treaties cease to exist as well (Vattel, 2008). However, in the case of the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903, the new Cuban government could not have a say contrary to its existence. As the United States and Cuba entered into a lease agreement over the Guantanamo Bay territory where the United States paid the Cuban government every year, and the new Cuban government under Fidel Castro had cashed/deposited one of those checks, per the principles of consent, as established under Ecclesiastical Law and International Law, the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903 survived and is still in effect.
In conclusion, one could say, as per the trials of the Cuban-American Treaty of 1903, International Law controls all governments - even the arrogant ones. International Law encompasses the rules by which the world countries are controlled, and exist with one and other. Furthermore, the means by which the Treaty of 1903, survived gives credit to the maxim "the contract makes the law" and if one agrees to the benefit, in this case the cashed check, one must also accept the disadvantage, in this case, allowing the U.S. continuous access to Guantanamo Bay for military purposes.
Cuban-American Treaty (1903). Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/dip_cuba002.asp
Treaty Between the U.S. and Cuba (1934). Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://avalon.law.yale.edu/29th_century/dip_cuba001.asp
Treaty of Paris (1898). Retrieved June 5, 2013, from http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/treaty.html
Vattel, E. (2008). The law of nations. Liberty Fund, Inc.: Indianapolis, IN