Are you a pecan lover? There is just so much to love about this wonderful fruit nut bearing tree! Although, on private land, the pecan tree is a rare find, you will find some walnut trees before you find a pecan tree usually. The Scientific name for the pecan tree is Carya Illinoinensis, it is a slow to medium growing tree but it is a large tree so it grows up to 100 feet tall! In order to properly identify a pecan tree follow these facts:
- The three leaf shapes are deciduous, alternate and pinnately compound.
- The stalk gets 12-16 inches long and gets about 9-17 leaflets on one stalk.
- Each leaf can reach up to 7 inches long and they will turn yellow in the fall.
- It will flower in about April-May and the flowers can be 3-5 inches long, sometimes three to a cluster.
- It will form pecans around September and be ready to harvest, just like the Black Walnuts.
- The pecans are covered with a thin husk and can be clusters of nuts of 3 to 10 nuts and can reach 1-2 inches long.
- The trees bark is a grayish-brown color to light brown as a young tree but becomes a reddish-brown as it ages.
- The bark has flat loose ridges
You will find pecan trees growing in rich moist bottom land soils. The wildlife love pecan nuts just as much as humans do! What can we do with pecan wood? Well, you can build furniture with it, flooring, cabinets, and tools. The pecan tree is actually in the hickory family and it is an important tree in N. America. Although it seems a hard tree to find, and you seemingly always find walnuts instead, you may be lucky and find a pecan tree on your property.