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Identifying the signs of Autism


Identifying the signs of Autism

Autism is a neurobiological disorder and one of the most severe developmental disorders of childhood and great challenge for families. Once considered to affect two to five per ten thousand children is now affecting one in hundred and fifty or more. The cause of this significant increase in prevalence of Autism is not fully known yet. Much research is going on at this time which continues to support genetic link of this debilitating disorder. Some parents may observe problems in infancy but most recall concerns in second year of children’s life. Most of these occur around failure to develop language and communication skills.


Early detection of these delays is very crucial in appropriate interventions, so parents should be aware of the early signs of Autism.

Since Autism presents in a wide spectrum, many children may be affected in different ways:


  • Many children affected with Autism show delays in language development. Some may be non verbal and only use some sounds others may show problems in articulation and proper use of language.

     

  • Depending upon the severity of Autism, children may not seek others to play and prefer solitary activities. Some struggle with reciprocity in play activities with peers.

     

  • Some high functioning, Asperger’s disorder children may be very rigid in thinking and get upset when things don’t go” how they are supposed to be”.

     

  • Many Autistic spectrum children show tendency for obsessive compulsive behaviors. This can range from having set routines to follow or in extreme cases severe preoccupation with limited interests and rituals. Failure to carry out their repetitive activities can result in increase anxiety and often angry outbursts.

     

  • Many Autistic children may display sensory sensitivities. They may show abnormal reactions to noises, touch or texture of food and objects.

     

  • Fine and gross motor delays are often commonly found in Autistic children. Depending upon the severity, simple tasks of play activities and handwriting could be stressful challenges for them.

     

  • Self regulation in sleep and feeding is often problematic in Autistic children.


It is important to know that many other broad spectrum developmental delays show similarities with Autistic disorder. Only a comprehensive assessment of child can help understand the nature of these behaviors. If you see any of these signs, it is important to ask questions to your Physician.

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