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I Ching 101.4: the Sun trigram "the Gentle"

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Sun (pronounced “Soon”) is the exact opposite of Ken. It is composed, from bottom to top, of a single broken (Yin) line and Two solid (Yang) lines. Hence its mathematical value is Two + Three + Three=Eight, which makes it a Yin Trigram. The Word “Sun” Means “The Gentle”.

Fu Hsi placed Sun in the SouthWest, next to Chien, making it agree seasonally with late Summer. Wiccans and other Pagans might connect it to Lughnasadh, in August, celebrating the grain harvest..

Emperor Yu placed Sun in the SouthEast, where it correlates to the Eldest Daughter, and the Element of Wood. Sun may be said to be Yin Wood, as opposed to her twin brother, Chen, who would be Yang Wood. Wind and Thunder seem to go together sometimes.

Kabbalists like to link Sun with Hod and the Planet Mercury.

In Appendix Five, Confucius says of Sun:

Wind scatters seed. God brings the processes of production into full and equal action in Sun. Sun suggests the idea of Wood; of Wind; of penetration, of the oldest daughter; of a plumb-line; of a carpenter's square; of being white; of being long; of being lofty; of advancing and receding; of want of decision; and of strong scents. It suggests in the human body, the idea of deficiency of hair; of a wide forehead; of a large development of the white of the eye. it suggests the close pursuit of gain, even to making three hundred per cent in the market. In the end it may become the trigram of decision.

Many of these characteristics show up in the I Ching as parts of a Hexagram, or in an Image.

The Ancient saw a growing tree in Sun. The eldest daughter was usually given in marriage first; it would be she who presides over a new house. Sun is a growing tree, as well as the Wind that blows through its branches.

The Hebrew Scriptures do not Name Jafet’s wife, but an Ancient Tradition calls her “Aratka”. There is a curious Legend that it was she, while baking bread (Do you see how this links us back to grain?), saw the first few drops of rain that caused the Flood. Because of this, she was honored when Mount Ararat, where the Ark landed, was Named after her.

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