So you want to slow Beijing down…. or at the very least contain its accession. So what comes next…. While we pivot towards a region that truthfully we never actually left one can only wonder how can we truly contain the juggernaut that is the People’s Republic of China. There will be any number of opportunities for cooperation with the Chinese. There also has to be realization that we are, and will be for the foreseeable future, the main and only competition for China. China’s economic policy was has been coined “The Five Year Plan”. The plan, as laid out by U.S analyst, is for China to oversee the acceleration and restructuring of its economy to a free market economy.
When the economic policies of China are examined, one can clearly see that the objective is to become the world’s largest economy thus there is an overt desire to influence world economic affairs by loaning countries that have currency shortages large sums of cash at low interest rates thus giving them a large sum of debt to hold and use to influence international policies when favorable to China. This is not the goal of any one particular interest with China rather the collective goal of both the Chinese people and the Chinese government. China has a unified position on subjects such as reunification of Taiwan, Tibet and its role in the South China Sea as well as on issues such as monetary policies and censorship.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) spend a vast amount of their country’s wealth on arms and anti-access weapon systems in a hope that it can alter the calculus of U.S. policy makers. China has increasingly placed much of the wealth gained from its economic explosion into modernizing its military technology. The border issues with India and regional conflict with its neighbors Japan and Vietnam as well the massive U.S naval presence in the Pacific gives the Chinese great pause.
The objective of “Status Que” in foreign Policy the establishment and maintenance of the current diplomatic norms. It is the esurient of the traditional balance of power and the international hierarchy of powers. Montague outlines policy of the status quo aims at the maintenance of the distribution of power as it exists at a particular moment in history.”(Montague, 51).
PRC’s Offense: Military Imperialism
Military Imperialism seeks to maintain power within the status quo by establishing and expanding upon territory. Montague is quoted “the nation that starts war for imperialistic ends may gain an empire and keep it” or it may “gain it and, in the process of trying to gain still more lose it.” This tactic was the hallmark of the Soviet Union. It military dominance of Eastern Europe and Central Asia expanded its reach and bolstered its military projection
PRC’s Defense: Economic Imperialism
Economic Imperialism seeks to establish external economic ties that can used to influence the internal polices of sovereign neighbor states. It can also be used to buy support in the international community to further a nations states ability to grow it own economy. MG describes it as “less obtrusive and also generally less effective than the military variety is, as a rational method of gaining power, a product of modern times” this is a tactic developed by the US in 20th Centaury and has been adopted by The Peoples Republic of China towards the West and the developing world.
PRC’s Special Teams: Cultural Imperialism
Cultural Imperialism seeks change the fabric of a nations states culture and traditions thereby changing the internal polices and social norms. The idea is to change the social status quo thus changing the political and economic norms. MG is quoted as saying “the typical role cultural imperialism plays in modern times is subsidiary to its other methods.” Toward that end, it “softens up the enemy” and “prepares the ground for military conquest and economic penetration.”
The People’s Republic has indoctrinated its national policy to the ideology that one must have the ability to expands one territory and once captured it must be able to inscribe the local government to maintain central governance, thus avoiding spreading ones sled thin as did the British and Soviets. I would choose Military and Cultural Imperialism . Using military Imperialism to capture territory and become the regional power and maintain the ability to defend that region . Without this ability one would lose regional to other regional and non regional powers as did the Russia after the collapse or fall pray encroaching powers as China faces from the US in Pacific. The PRC would also use Cultural imperialism such as the spread of democracy and capitalism to as was used in Eastern Europe in the Cold War. Leaving local government and basic military officer ranks intake under occupying leadership to maintain basic social and cultural norms as was the custom of the Romans and British Empires to reduce the frequency of Rebellion as was the case in colonial dominance.
Dr. Harry Kissinger has been noted to say that he understands the Chinese resentment of American interference in the PRC’s internal issues and affairs. Dr Kissinger states the Chinese are content to remain within their historical realm of influence as long as those boundaries support their national and international goals. What happens when natural resources become insufficient to support its vast population? The acknowledgement of Chinese intent and aggression by the White House that China’s goal is to modify the existing balance in Pacific and in Asia abroad, will send a clear signal to our regional allies that the United States is ready to compete aggressively in Pacific and protect our interest there as well.
Traditional Realism has become obsolete and that couldn't be more apparent in Asia and the Middle East. You might have a marginal argument with defensive realism, but even that theory argues that one state must lead the others out of anarchy. Only through a collective security approach will US interest trump a regional powers interest especially that of a state such as China. Simply put Waltz is no longer relevant in a post super power age . Multi-polar regional powers are the future of regional security in 21st century. All be it China's goal is to gain regional homogeny the fact that the US's as a non regional player ability to project strength globally in simultaneous policy harkens to the its Post WWII "Super Power" abilities . It also says that China all be it a force to reckon with is in no way shape of form the equal of the US that being said the ASEAN regional members recognize this.