Have you ever had problems trying to correctly photograph a full moon so that you can actually see detail and not just a formless white blob? If so, here is what you can do so solve that problem and create more beautiful and appealing images.
First, if you want to get a decent size moon in your photo, it is always recommended that you shoot it with a lens that has has a focal length of 300mm (400 would be better.) If you don't have a lens that long, 200mm will work. I have used a 70-200mm Canon f/4.0 L series lens for years and got great results Next, set you ISO at 400. This will also help you have a fast enough shutter speed so that you don't get motion blur. Speaking of shutter speeds, start by setting your shutter speed at around 1/400th of a second. A good rule of thumb is to set your shutter speed at double whatever your focal length is on the lens you are using. Ok what about aperture? I usually set mine at around f/11. You don’t want too much light hitting your camera sensor so choose an aperture like f/11 or f/16. Now that you have those variables in place, here is one thing that is very important and should not be overlooked.
USE A GOOD STURDY TRIPOD!
The reason for this is because it will give you a rock solid image. Trying to hand hold a camera with a long lens attached to it won't give you favorable results. In choosing a tripod, make sure you are using one that will completely support the overall weight of the camera and lens that you are shooting with.
Another thing you can do to minimize any kind of motion blur is to use the mirror lock up function in your camera. Most digital DSLR camera have this option. This will lock your mirror in the UP position when you first depress the shutter so that the only movement you get will be the mirror coming back down after the image exposure has been taken, thus minimizing or eliminating what is called mirror slap. One more thing you can use to minimize camera shake is a shutter cable release. This can be wired or wireless. It will keep you from touching the camera with your hands during the exposure. If your camera does not have a port on the side for a cable release, you can use your camera’s self timer.
A good time to photograph the moon is when it is low on the horizon, usually when it is just beginning to rise or set. The reason for this is because at that time of day or night, the moon is closest to the horizon. That is when it is also at its largest, because at that time, it is at its closest point in reference to the earth. Also, during a moon rise or moon set, the moon is not as bight as it is when it appears higher in the night sky. When the moon first rises or sets, it is usually a yellowish color and because it is not as bright, it makes it easier to work with, as far as gauging your overall exposure. Also, there is usually still enough ambient or existing light in the sky to where you can include some of the foreground landscape elements to create a more interesting image.
These are the things that I have learned. They have helped me improve my moon images dramatically.