What is a vial? Well I'm glad you asked. A vile is a plastic or glass container that is sealed with a rubber stopper. Vial's unlike amuple's and be single use or multi-use. Drawing medication from a vial differs from an ampule in many ways, when drawing medication from a vial obtaining equalization is essential.
Step 1- Examine the vial thoroughly. While examining the vial one must check for certain key elements that can alter the drug in question and cause harm to the patient who is to receive the drug. Check the name of the drug from the label on the vial to make sure that it is the correct medication prescribed for the patient.
Then check the vial for its vessel integrity, color, clarity, concentration, any sedimentation, the expiration date, also check the total volume of medication in vial and total milliliters in the vial.
Step 2- Determine the amount of medication that is to be given to the patient via medication orders. Once the dose is determined, draw that amount of air into the syringe. Drawing the same amount of air into the syringe that is to be administered to the patient ensures that the vial is consistently equalized.
Step 3- While marring your hands together, invert the vial then insert the needle (pre filled with air) into the rubber stopper. Eject the air in the syringe into the vial, and then withdraw the amount of medication needed. The remaining medication and surplus air in the syringe can be reinserted back into the vial by gently squeezing the plunger located at the bottom of the needle establishing a start point. The starting point is the correct dose of medication to be administered to the patient.
Step 4- Withdraw the needle.
Step 5- You are almost done! Don't forget to recap the needle using the one-handed method.