Felines, particularly those who are light colored or hairless, can indeed suffer from sunburn. Usually, the burn is a surface partial thickness burn. At most horrible, sunburns may result in deep partial thickness burns. Full thickness burns are rare, however...
Surface partial thickness burns are comparable to first-degree burns. Only the top layer of skin is involved. The fur may still be attached to the skin. The skin looks red and no blisters are visible.
Deep partial thickness burns are akin to second-degree burns. The surface layer and some deeper layers of skin are implicated. Unlike in humans, these burns uncommonly have blisters. The skin is red and a few layers of the skin may be exposed.
Full thickness burns are analogous to third-degree burns. The burn expands through all the layers of skin and may even include some tissue beneath the skin. Instantly after the burn, the skin may appear like leather or the surface of the burn may look white.
As anticipated, sunburn occurs in the summer months when cats at risk spend prolonged time in the sun.
Sphinx, white cats, and thinly haired breed’s cats are for the most part at risk.
The diagnosis for sunburn is calculated by the time of year and likely prolonged exposure to the sun. The skin will have attribute signs of a thermal burn.
Blood tests are not primarily necessary to make a diagnosis. Depending on the seriousness of the burns, blood tests may be performed later to determine the general health of the feline.
Treatment of the sunburn is based on its severity.
If it’s a superficial partial thickness burn, the hair is carefully shaven off the burned area to ease treatment and monitor the healing better. The skin is gently cleaned with chlorhexidine or povidone iodine. Silver sulfadiazine is also a good choice.
Most of these burns can be treated on an outpatient foundation with the rest of the care and treatment by the owner.
If the burn is a deep partial thickness, hospitalization is necessary. Intravenous fluids are essential to providan needed electrolytes and hydration. Daily wound cleaning with chlorhexidine or povidone iodine is also required. Bandages must be changed on a daily basic. Topical cream, such as silver sulfadiazine works wonders... Skin grafts may be required if over 15 percent of the body is burned/
If you believe your cat has a sunburn, veterinary care is highly recommended. Cats do not burn as easily as people, but they do burn. More damage may have occurred to the skin than you may be able to at the outset see. After analysis and initial treatment, daily treatment with wound cleaning and topical medication may be required.
For cats at jeopardy, apply sunscreen before spending time with them outdoors. As in humans, it is believed that repeated sunburns may result in permanent skin damage and very possibly skin cancer--principally in white cats.