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Hillary Clinton trending positive

Based on analysis performed by American Enterprise Institute by Karlyn Bowman, and Jennifer K. Marsico, Forbes, Hillary Clinton is sitting pretty. Americans like her because they think they know her pretty well. She may hedge her opinion and beliefs at times to stay in bounds with her party’s political correctness, when some people think she may not always agree. Overall, they think they have seen enough of her performance to give her high marks.

Standing out positively
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  • “During Bill Clinton’s presidency, Hillary Clinton received consistently high marks for handling her job as first lady. Although her ratings dipped during the Whitewater and commodities controversies, they were generally high. People saw her as a positive role model and someone who was highly intelligent. In 1992, only 19 percent said she had what it takes to be president.
  • Nationally, Americans were not especially enthusiastic about her senatorial candidacy, though they viewed her as competent and up to the job. According to several polls of New Yorkers during her Senate career, her ratings were higher at the end of her term than when she began.
  • In Fox News polls throughout her service as secretary of state, more people approved than disapproved. Concerns about her handling of Benghazi appear not to have affected the broader public’s judgment of how she handled her job.
  • As far as personal characteristics are concerned, Hillary Clinton is seen as intelligent, experienced, and competent. Her perceived weaknesses concern her lack of honesty and being seen as someone who says what people want to hear, rather than what she believes.

Views about whether she should run for president in different elections (2004, 2008, and 2016) have become somewhat more positive over the years.”

http://www.aei.org/article/politics-and-public-opinion/polls/hillary-clinton-a-public-performance-review/

Benghazi may have been a dust-up, but it doesn’t take the shine off a polished career.

Now what would voters truly want to see in a performance review?

Criteria

Prerequisite legal requirements: 1) age 35 years, 2) U. S. citizen, 3) in-country residence 14 years

These things are required. The rest may be desired.

Intelligence Quotient: a measure of a person's intelligence as indicated by an intelligence test; the ratio of a person's mental age to their chronological age (multiplied by 100); it is a measure of intellectual functioning. Knowing a presidential candidate’s raw capacity to address one of the most complex jobs on Earth is a reasonable request.

Real life accomplishments

"Average adult IQs associated with real-life accomplishments:

  • MDs or PhDs 125
  • College graduates 115
  • 1-3 years of college 105-110
  • Clerical and sales workers 100-105
  • High school graduates, skilled workers (e.g., electricians, cabinetmakers) 100
  • 1-3 years of of high school (completed 9-11 years of school) 95
  • Semi-skilled workers (e.g., truck drivers, factory workers) 90-95
  • Elementary school graduates (completed eighth grade) 90
  • Elementary school dropouts (completed 0-7 years of school) 80-85
  • Have 50/50 chance of reaching high school 75
  • Average IQ of various occupational groups:[5]
  • Professional and technical 112
  • Managers and administrators 104
  • Clerical workers; sales workers; skilled workers, craftsmen, and foremen 101
  • Semi-skilled workers (operatives, service workers, including private household; farmers and farm managers) 92
  • Unskilled workers 87
  • Type of work that can be accomplished:[5]
  • Adults can harvest vegetables, repair furniture 60
  • Adults can do domestic work, simple carpentry 50
  • Adults can mow lawns, do simple laundry 40

There is considerable variation within and overlap between these categories. People with high IQs are found at all levels of education and occupational categories. The biggest difference occurs for low IQs with only an occasional college graduate or professional scoring below 90.”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelligence_quotient#cite_note-Kaufman2009-4

What should voters expect from presidential candidates? Suggesting 115 or greater is reasonable we think.

It is difficult to access credible sources about IQ’s because it is personal data. There is a website called “Brain Grade” that may be classified as popular science, though it is interesting.

Brain Grade

You might think that this is a silly reference, and it might be, but here are IQs from what Luminosity Brain Grade reports for certain presidents.

Presidents' IQs

  • "Ulysses S. Grant, President USA 110
  • John F. Kennedy, President USA117
  • George Washington, President USA 118
  • Andrew Jackson, President USA 123
  • George Walker Bush, President USA 125
  • Abraham Lincoln, President USA 128
  • Al Gore, Politician USA134
  • Bill (William) Jefferson Clinton, President USA 137
  • Thomas Jefferson, President USA 138
  • John Quincy Adams, President USA153
  • Albert Einstein, Physicist USA160
  • Bill Gates, CEO, Microsoft USA160
  • John Stuart Mill, Universal Genius, England 200"

http://www.lumosity.com/brain-grade/test

Just as in private life, IQ’s are only one indication among many to be considered. One would hope that presidential candidates have a better than average IQ, and belief is that having an exceptional IQ would be most valuable. We suggest extra credit for candidates with higher IQs.

Only the candidates can provide their IQ from an accredited source as that is private information. If you’ve got it, flaunt it.

As a point of discussion, we know that Bill Gates, founder and CEO of Microsoft was a drop out from Harvard. He went on to demonstrate that he could apply his genius to produce an invention upon which the world would depend. Furthermore, he undertook the managerial duties of the company and did a superb job for all stakeholders. Like another genius, Steve Jobs, founder of Apple Computer, both were young men when they founded their companies. These instances demonstrate the power of genius and the arbitrariness of age and academic credentials; however, these are exceptional and extraordinary people. It would be very risky for voters to accept candidates without credentials who cannot back them up with superior demonstration of performance and measurable success.

In every instance, our Founding Fathers appear to have been exceptionally intelligent and accomplished, backed by political wealth and power.

Education

A president of the U. S. A. in the 21st Century should be expected to have graduated from an accredited college or university with a Bachelors Degree. A Master’s Degree is surely preferred and a Doctorate would be highly respected. Should it matter how well the candidate performed in school? We think so.
Should the quality of the educational institution matter? We believe that prestige of the college or university on academic merit matters as it does so in evaluating people in private enterprise.

Candidates that were formerly good students, above average, should matter. Therefore, when designing the ultimate selection and evaluation tool, we will allow voters to add extra credit for quality and performance.

Graduating is good but not good enough. What also matters are the fields of study, the curriculum. In our review of pre-presidential resumes, we saw that in past times, before colleges and universities, presidents had very distinguished tutors.

It matters today from whom presidential candidates studied or were mentored. Are their sources of learning and mentoring distinguished for excellence?

Curriculum Major Areas of Study

The job of President is Chief Executive of the Federal Government Enterprise that includes all of its departments and agencies. While it would not be reasonable for a presidential candidate to be an expert in every aspect of the federal government, it is reasonable to expect candidates to be 1) knowledgeable about the U. S. Constitution and three branches of government, 2) knowledgeable about management functions and disciplines, and 3) that candidates are knowledgeable about primary areas of government responsibility such as national defense and homeland security, justice, foreign policy, health and human services, energy, and the environment for instance.

It would be remiss not to identify an obviously relevant subject and that is the law itself. Since a president initiates laws and supports the implementation of laws and regulations and is inextricably involved in proposing and approving laws, it makes sense that knowledge about law is most significant.

The job of President is Chief Executive of the Federal Government Enterprise that includes all of its departments and agencies. While it would not be reasonable for a presidential candidate to be an expert in every aspect of the federal government, it is reasonable to expect candidates to be 1) knowledgeable about the U. S. Constitution and three branches of government, 2) knowledgeable about management functions and disciplines, and 3) that candidates are knowledgeable about primary areas of government responsibility such as national defense and homeland security, justice, foreign policy, health and human services, energy, and the environment for instance.

Did the candidate study with intent to become a government professional or did the candidate choose a business or technical professional goal? Some voters may assign greater value for private sector orientation than public sector and vice versa. Our system of evaluation allows for that type of voter preference variation: public sector or private sector career orientation.

Another consideration in addition to management knowledge is technical knowledge. If the primary aim of a president is to optimize government performance, then this requires a command of enabling technology that includes information technology as well as more specific knowledge such as systems engineering, systems integration, computer science, biotechnology, environmental science, nuclear science, healthcare, and more specifics.

Foreign policy and public administration are separate specialized fields of study that map to presidential needs.

Skills

  • Managerial skills in a contemporary paradigm include the following:
  • Planning
  • Budgeting
  • Strategizing
  • Predicting and forecasting
  • Decision making
  • Sense making
  • Integrating
  • Collaborating and facilitating (aka organizing)
  • Acquisition, logistics, procurement
  • Financing
  • Safety and security

In addition to cognitive learning that is represented by knowledge requirements, and skills that were just presented, there is another category to consider called affective.

Affective

“An attribute of the human experience that describes feelings or emotions and sometimes attitudes or values; often used to describe learning objectives or outcomes.”

Values include:

  • Allegiance to the Constitution and laws and regulations
  • Loyalty to party and community
  • Appreciation for diversity and collaboration

Work History (Sources of applying knowledge, acquiring new knowledge, and applying and developing skills and proficiency)

Voters should want presidential candidates who have had work experience of significant scope and scale to illustrate that they can handle managing the most sophisticated enterprise on Earth.

Private Sector: Consideration of a candidates work history as it might appear on a resume is important whereby focus is given to demonstrated advancement and managerial responsibility, especially corporate executive (C-level) experience. This is the source of applying knowledge and developing managerial skills. For presidential candidates, voters are looking for demonstrated success at commanding and leading complex organizations toward achieving world class performance. Has the candidate achieved recognition among peers in the corporate community and public? Has the candidate demonstrated ability to achieve a high return on resources?

Public Service: Similar consideration is given to public service. In the instance of evaluating presidential candidates, having had managerial or CEO experience is significant. Public Service includes the candidate having served in the capacity of Congressman, Senator, or Governor or Mayor. Having been elected to office is relevant experience. Having served in an executive capacity is most valuable. Having served in government provides the basis for understanding the legislative and budgeting process as that is a major role and responsibility.

Military Service: In the instance of military history that is a form of public service, we consider the following:

  • Military occupation
  • Officer, Non-Commissioned Officer – having graduated from a military institution with distinction is on par with having been an ROTC graduate from a distinguished educational institution. Having achieved veteran status is noteworthy of special distinction.
  • Enlisted, Drafted, National Guard
  • Duration of service
  • Commands
  • Wars and battles
  • Awards and Certifications

Political Service: Has the candidate become an active leader in a political party? Some past presidents have been independent of political parties, though today, political parties are a pool from which to draw for staffing, for instance. With the need for bipartisanship in government, presidential candidates must manage affiliation with sensitivities to the voter population and greater constituency. Are parties a means to an end or are parties the means for control? Good question for presidential candidates. Good question for voters.

Volunteering: This may be relevant as an indication of propensity to serve, and role and responsibility as a volunteer with impact on accomplishment is noteworthy.
Family: Consideration is given to having overcome hardships, for instance. Relationships with family members may be insightful.

Community: Consideration is given to leadership and issues advocacy, for example.
Faith: We thought about not assigning a value for religious affiliation as relevance will show up in other factors and this is private to individuals. Furthermore, there are alternative sources from which people develop their principles. In America, to many people, being faithful is significant. Because 60% of Americans are faithful and guided by religion, special treatment is given to the topic at the end of this chapter.

Pays taxes: The presidential candidate is expected to have paid taxes and not to have any tax liability.
Income and new worth: Income and net worth of a presidential candidate are relevant as this information is used in obtaining a top-secret and higher level security clearance. It connotes that the candidate is financially sound and is less corruptible.

No legal encumbrance: Of course a presidential candidate cannot have been a felon and is expected to be without legal encumbrance.

Marital status: While nearly all Presidents have been married, this factor is not so relevant except to know about the spouse to the extent that the spouse will not detract from the Presidency in any way. Throughout history, president’s spouses have played significant roles in strengthening presidents and their performance. Infidelity with a spouse is akin to broken allegiance. It is a behavioral deficiency worth deliberating.

Incumbency:

Once a candidate becomes a president, that is a steep hurdle and no one can underestimate the value of holding the office and gaining experience from it. As former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani (R), said in an interview on WKCL-AM, “To a large extent, no matter what us Republicans do, an incumbent president either wins or defeats himself.”

Presidential Health

Voters need to make a judgment about presidential candidates’ health. They can do it blindly or with the candidates’ cooperation.