What is Heart Disease?
Coronary heart disease is the most common form of heart disease. It is a disorder of the blood vessels of the heart that can lead to a heart attack. A heart attack happens when an artery becomes blocked, preventing oxygen and nutrients from getting to the heart.
Risk Factors for Heart Disease - these habits increase the chances of developing a disease or having it worsen
Smoking- There is no safe way to smoke. Once you quit after 1 year your heart disease risk will drop by more than half
High Blood Pressure - 140/90 or higher is considered high. But even prehypertension 120-139 over 80-89 raises your risk of heart disease
High Blood Cholesterol - Cholesterol travels in the blood in packages called lipoproteins.
LDL is Low Density Lipoprotein (BAD CHOLESTEROL) 160 or above is high less than 100 is OPTIMAL
HDL is High Density Lipoprotein (GOOD CHOLESTEROL) less than 40 increases your risk for heart disease 60 or higher is protective
Overweight/Obesity - ENOUGH SAID
Physical Inactivity - ENOUGH SAID
Diabetes - Type 2 is the kind most commonly found in adults who are overweight
Estrogen plus progestin therapy INCREASES the chances of developing HEART DISEASE.
Blood Pressure and the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) Eating Plan
You can help lower your blood pressure by eating fruits, vegetable, whole-grain foods and lowfat dairy products. Also eat less in saturated and total fat and cholesterol, and limit red meat, sweets, and sugar-containing beverages.
High Blood Cholesterol and the TLC (Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes) Program
On this eating plan you should have less than 7 % of your day's calories from saturated fat, less than 200mg of dietary cholesterol per day, and just enough calories to achieve or maintain a healthy weight.