Google doodles are awarded to the world's most innovative people and today's google doodle features a representation of Hull House, Jane Addams' first civic minded venture in elevating at risk communities, and educating children.
Jane Addams was motivated by a desire to see women succeed and raise healthy children in healthy, intellectual environments enjoyed by most college educated citizens in her era. She opposed poverty and war.
Addams, born today in 1860, was the daughter of a miller turned Chicago senator. Her father was also a friend of Abraham Lincoln. Jane Addams' father also fought as an officer in the Civil War.
Addams made history in the 20th century with her beliefs not only in women's suffrage well before the movement evolved, but her beliefs that women should establish or buffer their livelihoods with career desires and moreover, seek opportunities to materialize those ambitions.
At 17, Addams, an Illinois native, graduated Rockford Female Seminary in 1881, she was valedictorian and was conferred with the bachelor's degree six years later when the Seminary gained accreditation as the Rockford College for women.
Addams embodied a mind over matter spirit. She was born with a spinal defect and was affected by illness for the duration of her life and career. Addams, at age 27, traveled to London and returned to Chicago with an idea she picked up overseas: to open a home for the city's underprivileged.
She secured a large house and solicited women with wealthy husbands and fathers.
Thus begun Addams storied career in social work. In two years, the home named Hull-House had 2,000 people inside every week. The large house held school, club meetings, and night school course.
Addams, in 1905, became chairmen of a committee for Chicago's Board of Education. Addams was named the first woman president of the National Conference of Charities and Corrections.
Addams published her book, Newer Ideals of Peace in 1913. She was appointed president in a number of civil service jobs in women-centric orgs like the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.
Addams didn't support America's going to war and was criticized for it. But she provided humanitarian aid to the women and children in enemy nations and wrote about the experience in another book, Peace and Bread in Time of War (1922).
Addams won the Nobel Peace Prize in December of 1931. Very ill, she'd suffered a heart attack several years prior and hadn't recovered, Addams died in 1935. Her funeral was held in the Hull House courtyard.