Pope Francis and Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI celebrated the Mass and the canonization of two former popes today, the Feast of Divine Mercy. According to Zenit News Agency, hundreds of thousands of pilgrims were present in St. Peter's Square for the occasion. Thousands more poured into the streets surrounding the Vatican. They took part in the Mass by watching it on giant screens. A large number of the pilgrims were from Poland, the birth place of Pope John Paul II. Overlooking the pilgrims were two tapestries, each bearing the image of the newly-declared saints, hung from the façade of Saint Peter’s basilica.
The Feast of Divine Mercy was instituted by Pope John Paul II in the year 2000. It's history begins with a vision by Sister Faustina, also of Poland and a friend of John Paul II. She is now St. Faustina. St. Faustina received a message from our Lord to spread the message of his mercy to the world. She wrote about the mercy of God in her Diary which is now published. The feast day focuses on the mercy and forgiveness of Christ.
Pope John Paul II is also well known for beginning the World Youth Day celebrations. These celebrations are attended by youth from around the world to celebrate the faith. They have been continued by Popes Benedict XVI and Pope Francis. Poland will be the location for the celebration in 2016.
Pope John Paul II is given credit by many for the downfall of communism, which during his priesthood in Poland forbid priests from saying the Mass. As a priest, John Paul courageously worked underground.
A more recent memory is that of Pope John Paul's long illness before he died. He suffered from Parkinson's for over five years, losing the energy and vitality he himself had given to the Church.
Pope John XXIII is most known for beginning the Second Vatican Council which ushered the Catholic Church into the modern world. Mass was changed from Latin to the common language of the people with a greater emphasis on scripture. A spirit of ecumenism was encouraged. John XXIII was pope during the Nazi occupation. He courageously saved over 25,000 Jews from their death at his own personal risk.
Following is a translation of Pope Francis homily.
"At the heart of this Sunday, which concludes the Octave of Easter and which John Paul II wished to dedicate to Divine Mercy, are the glorious wounds of the risen Jesus.
He had already shown those wounds when he first appeared to the Apostles on the very evening of that day following the Sabbath, the day of the resurrection. But Thomas was not there that evening, and when the others told him that they had seen the Lord, he replied that unless he himself saw and touched those wounds, he would not believe. A week later, Jesus appeared once more to the disciples gathered in the Upper Room, and Thomas was present; Jesus turned to him and told him to touch his wounds. Whereupon that man, so straightforward and accustomed to testing everything personally, knelt before Jesus with the words: "My Lord and my God!" (Jn 20:28).
The wounds of Jesus are a scandal, a stumbling block for faith, yet they are also the test of faith. That is why on the body of the risen Christ the wounds never pass away: they remain, for those wounds are the enduring sign of God’s love for us. They are essential for believing in God. Not for believing that God exists, but for believing that God is love, mercy and faithfulness. Saint Peter, quoting Isaiah, writes to Christians: "by his wounds you have been healed" (1 Pet 2:24, cf. Is 53:5).
Saint John XXIII and Saint John Paul II were not afraid to look upon the wounds of Jesus, to touch his torn hands and his pierced side. They were not ashamed of the flesh of Christ, they were not scandalized by him, by his cross; they did not despise the flesh of their brother (cf. Is 58:7), because they saw Jesus in every person who suffers and struggles. These were two men of courage, filled with the parrhesia of the Holy Spirit, and they bore witness before the Church and the world to God’s goodness and mercy.
They were priests, bishops and popes of the twentieth century. They lived through the tragic events of that century, but they were not overwhelmed by them. For them, God was more powerful; faith was more powerful – faith in Jesus Christ the Redeemer of man and the Lord of history; the mercy of God, shown by those five wounds, was more powerful; and more powerful too was the closeness of Mary our Mother.
In these two men, who looked upon the wounds of Christ and bore witness to his mercy, there dwelt a living hope and indescribable and glorious joy (1 Pet 1:3,8). The hope and the joy which the risen Christ bestows on his disciples, the hope and the joy which nothing and no one can take from them. The hope and joy of Easter, forged in the crucible of self-denial, self-emptying, utter identification with sinners, even to the point of disgust at the bitterness of that chalice. Such were the hope and the joy which these two holy popes had received as a gift from the risen Lord and which they in turn bestowed in abundance upon the People of God, meriting our eternal gratitude.
This hope and this joy were palpable in the earliest community of believers, in Jerusalem, as we read in the Acts of the Apostles (cf. 2:42-47). It was a community which lived the heart of the Gospel, love and mercy, in simplicity and fraternity.
This is also the image of the Church which the Second Vatican Council set before us. Saint John XXIII and Saint John Paul II cooperated with the Holy Spirit in renewing and updating the Church in keeping with her pristine features, those features which the saints have given her throughout the centuries. Let us not forget that it is the saints who give direction and growth to the Church. In convening the Council, Saint John XXIII showed an exquisite openness to the Holy Spirit. He let himself be led and he was for the Church a pastor, a servant-leader. This was his great service to the Church; he was the pope of openness to the Holy Spirit.
In his own service to the People of God, Saint John Paul II was the pope of the family. He himself once said that he wanted to be remembered as the pope of the family. I am particularly happy to point this out as we are in the process of journeying with families towards the Synod on the family. It is surely a journey which, from his place in heaven, he guides and sustains.
May these two new saints and shepherds of God’s people intercede for the Church, so that during this two-year journey toward the Synod she may be open to the Holy Spirit in pastoral service to the family. May both of them teach us not to be scandalized by the wounds of Christ and to enter ever more deeply into the mystery of divine mercy, which always hopes and always forgives, because it always loves."
In his short Regina Caeli address following Mass, the Pope greeted all those who had traveled to Rome for the event, and thanked all those who had contributed to its success. He made special mention of those pilgrims from Bergamo and Krakow – the cities where John XXIII and John Paul II came from, respectively. “You honor the memory of the two holy Popes, faithfully following their teachings”.
He also welcomed those representing the many countries around the world, who had come to “give tribute to the two pontiffs who had contributed in an indelible way to the development of peoples, and to peace.