Georgi Markov was a very popular Bulgarian dissident writer.
Markov originally worked as a novelist and playwright in his native country, then governed by a communist regime under Chairman Todor Zhivkov, until his defection from Bulgaria in 1969. After relocating to the West, he worked as a broadcaster and journalist for the BBC World Service, the US-funded Radio Free Europe, and Germany's Deutsche Welle. Markov used such forums to conduct a campaign of sarcastic criticism against the incumbent Bulgarian regime. As a result of this, it has been speculated that the Bulgarian government may have decided to silence him, and may have asked the KGB for help. He died as a result of an incident on a London street when a micro-engineered pellet containing ricin was fired into his leg via an umbrella (September 7, 1978) wielded by someone associated with the Bulgarian secret police… His grave is in a small churchyard at the Church of St Candida and Holy Cross in Whitchurch Canonicorum, Dorset. His In Absentia Reports were published in Bulgaria in 1990, after the end of the Communist government….
Georgi Markov describing life under a totalitarian regime in The Truth that Killed
In 2000, Markov was posthumously awarded the Order of Stara Planina, Bulgaria's most prestigious honour, for his “significant contribution to the Bulgarian literature, drama and non-fiction and for his exceptional civic position and confrontation to theCommunist regime.”
Ten days before the murder, an attempt was made to kill another Bulgarian defector, Vladimir Kostov, in the same manner as Markov, in a Paris metro station. Doctors found the same kind of pellet in his skin. However, it seems that the sugar coating of the pellet protecting the ricin content was damaged during the shot or before, and thus, only a tiny portion of the poison got into his blood, causing only fever. Kostov reported that the shot came from a man carrying a small bag, but not an umbrella. The main reason for this was the declaration of Markov who saw the umbrella but never said he was shot by it. However, forensic experts declared that the probable "gun" that shot the bullet was probably very sophisticated, another reason to believe in state action.
Several well-known KGB defectors, such as Oleg Kalugin and Oleg Gordievsky, have confirmed that the KGB arranged the murder, even presenting the Bulgarian assassin with alternatives such as a poisonous jelly to smear on Markov's skin, but to this day no one has been charged with Markov's murder, largely because most documents relating to his death were probably destroyed. The British newspaper The Times has reported that the prime suspect is an Italian named Francesco Gullino (or Giullino) who was last known to be living in Denmark.
A British documentary, The Umbrella Assassin (2006), interviewed people associated with the case in Bulgaria, Britain and America, and revealed that the prime suspect, Gullino, is alive and well, and still travelling freely throughout Europe.
There were reports in June 2008 that Scotland Yard had renewed its interest in the case…
The case with Georgi Markov is very essential to understand the dishonest politics of the communists during the Cold War. Why on the political arena they insisted that want peace and peaceful relationships with the world, their invisible social practices continued the anti-humanity usually attributed to the Nazi in modern history. KGB is anchored to in the 1970s, led by Yuri Andropov, to persecution of distinguished Soviet Union personalities such as Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and Andrei Sakharov, who were criticizing the Soviet leadership in harsh terms. In fact, Soviet Union has to deal with heavy economic problems inside the country. The death of Georgi Markov coincides with the crisis of Afghanistan and preceded the so-called second Cold War (1979-1985).
The situation in 1970s makes everybody very sensitive regarding Syria, since for Russia Syria is new Afghanistan and the methods of Russia looks similar to those of Soviet Unions. To terrify the world, the communists have been using even psychotronic terrorism (H. Todorova’s gang).