Skip to main content
  1. Life
  2. Home & Living
  3. Gardening

Forest gardening

See also

Forest gardening and agroforestry are disciplines of permaculture. They use woodlands for gardening and farming that require limited care and labor to maintain. They use companion planting layers to create a food-producing, woodland ecosystem.

Prehistoric peoples in tropical climates used agroforestry to grow food along river beds and in primordial forests. They learned which plants were edible and removed any that were not. This form of agriculture is being used today in tropical regions. In the 1980s, Robert Hart adapted permaculture principles and invented the phrase ‘forest gardening’ at his home in the England. He successfully created a method of forest gardening for temperate regions.

Robert Hart’s ‘Seven Layer of System of Forest Gardening’ follows well-founded principles and is never a haphazard method. The first three layers of the system are adjacent to each other. The first layer called the ‘Canopy Layer’ uses mature, established fruit trees that provide shade. The next layer called the ‘Low Tree Layer’ comprises smaller fruit and nut trees on controlled root stocks. The third layer the ‘Shrub Layer’ consists of fruit-bearing shrubs like red or black currants and varieties of berries.

The remaining layers are arranged under the first three layers. The fourth layer or ‘Herbaceous Layer’ contains perennial herbs and vegetables that grow well in partially sunny locations. The ‘Ground Cover Layer’ consists of spreading edible plants arranged in rows. Edible roots and tubers comprise the ‘Rhizosphere,’ the sixth layer. The last layer is the ‘Vertical Layer’ of climbing vines that produce edible food and grow vertically up the trees.

Forest gardening doesn’t require vast areas. It can be accomplished in a backyard in Chicago. This kind of gardening is appealing because it doesn’t require endless hours of work.

Live long and well—garden.

http://www.examiner.com/gardening-in-chicago/elaine-shigley

Use this link to become an Examiner, http://exm.nr/Rv808C .

Advertisement

Life

  • Johnny Manziel
    Should Johnny Manziel apologize for his hard partying over the offseason?
    Today's Buzz
  • Crop circles
    Similar crop circles appeared in Germany and England within days of each other
    Camera
    19 Photos
  • Advanced placement
    The AP program is gaining traction as a key component in college admissions
    Camera
    5 Photos
  • Beach hats
    Beat the heat with the best summer beach hats for women
    Camera
    Beach Hats
  • Expectations for ministry
    Pastor preaches to newly ordained ministers about expectations for ministry
    Camera
    6 Photos
  • Medical symptoms
    See which symptoms should cause you to seek a doctor’s attention right away
    Camera
    6 Photos

Related Videos:

  • Deterring deer from eating your garden
    <div class="video-info" data-id="516999713" data-param-name="playList" data-provider="5min" data-url="http://pshared.5min.com/Scripts/PlayerSeed.js?sid=1304&width=480&height=401&playList=516999713&autoStart=true"></div>
  • Greenhouse growing with spot mixing
    <div class="video-info" data-id="4036088" data-param-name="playList" data-provider="5min" data-url="http://pshared.5min.com/Scripts/PlayerSeed.js?sid=1304&width=480&height=401&playList=4036088&autoStart=true"></div>
  • Three Sisters Garden
    <div class="video-info" data-id="150192084" data-param-name="playList" data-provider="5min" data-url="http://pshared.5min.com/Scripts/PlayerSeed.js?sid=1304&width=480&height=401&playList=150192084&autoStart=true"></div>