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Football Quick Guide FOR WOMEN

Quick guide to football

Tired of watching the football game without having a clue what’s going on?

Most women see football as a complex game with several layers of rules that make it difficult to follow along and while football can be a complex game, it can be exciting and thrilling time!

Learn these basics in this quick Football guide for Women so that you can follow along this season and actually enjoy it!

Overall Concept

The team that is trying to score has “possession of the ball” and is considered the offense. The other team, which is considered defense, is trying to stop the offensive team from scoring.

Sounds easy? Not quite! In football, there are offensive, defensive, and special teams which are all part of the same team. These teams handle different situations on the field so each time the ball moves to their opponent, a different team is needed.

For instance, when the KC Chiefs are trying to score a touchdown, they utilize their offensive players like Jamaal Charles, Dwayne Bowe or Alex Smith. When the Chiefs are trying to stop the other team from scoring they utilize their defensive players like Eric Berry and Dontari Poe. If this isn’t confusing enough, they have a special team that comes in to kick field goals and punt.


The team that gets their ball into the “End Zone” gets a touchdown which consists of 6 points. This happens by either the team running the ball into the end zone or by catching the ball in the end zone. After a touchdown the team has the choice of either kicking the ball between the goal post (located at the end zone) or they can line up at the 2 yard line and run or catch the ball in the end zone for 2 extra points.

If a team doesn’t think they will make the touchdown they also have the option to kick a field goal (kicking the ball in between the goal post located at the end zone) which will give them 3 points.


Downs are the length of one play. Each time they start and stop, that is one play. The team with the ball has 4 chances to move the ball 10 yards. If they get 10 yards in a single play then they get 4 more chances, however if they don’t get 10 yards in a single play, they are down a chance.

This sounds simple but it is not! Remember that defensive team? Well it’s their job not to let this happen!

Still confused about downs? Or confused about odd lingo like what 3rd and 8, or 2nd and 3 means?

3rd is the number of downs AND 8 means the number of yards to go to get a first down.

If the team doesn’t move 10 yards in 4 downs then the other team automatically gets the ball. Usually once a team gets to their 4th down, they either kick a field goal for the 3 points or they punt the ball so that it is further away from the other team’s end zone.

There are 11 men from each team allowed on the field at one time. Here are their positions:


Center: In the center of the offensive line- Starts the play by “hiking” the ball to the quarterback. He is the one that has the ball on the ground between his legs and passes it backward, which is called the “snap”.

Quarterback: Very important player to remember because he executes the plays the coach decides, or calls an “audible” if he thinks he needs to change the play on the field. He’s the guy that catches that snap from the center. He either runs, throws, or hands off the ball.

Offensive guard: Positioned on either side of the center.

Offensive tackle: Positioned on either side of the guards.

Tight end: Plays next to the tackle

Wide receivers: Their job is to literally “get open” so that they can receive a pass down the field.

Running back: Runs the ball down the field.

Fullback: They do everything! They run, they block, AND they receive. (Talented guys aren't they?)


Nose guard: Positioned across from offensive team’s center and block plays down the center of the field.

Defensive tackle: They rush the passer.

Defensive ends: Block plays on the outside edges

Linebacker: They do it all including covering the receivers and rushing the passers

Cornerback: Blocks the wide receivers

Safety: They are the defensive team’s last line of defense! There are usually 2 safeties:

Strong safety: He is the stronger of the two and blocks runs

Free safety: He is the faster of the two and he blocks passes.

Special teams

There is another team that comes out just to kick, punt, get extra points, field goals, etc.

Overloaded yet!

Head to the next game with article saved in your phone and you should be able to at least keep up with the conversation. There is so much more to the exciting word of football that of course we couldn’t fit it all in this article but hopes that you will be able to follow along, cheer, and celebrate with your favorite team this season!

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