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Foods, vitamins, and protein supplements processed with solvents such as hexane

You're being sold products made from the peel and other waste products of vegetables, and that's where most of the nutrition is, but how the waste is processed can effect your central nervous system, if you're sensitive to the solvents.

Make sure the supplements you buy are hexane-free and haven't been processed with solvents, if you're sensitive to solvents. The biggest problem with nutritional supplements is lack of disclosure. Now that TV documentaries have announced that lycopene extracted from tomatoes have been found to be more effective than some statins, at the same high doses, bottles of lycopene extract are flying off the shelves of some health food stores and also supermarket shelves selling organic canned tomato paste.

Soybeans are bathed in hexane as part of their processing by food. Exposures of 800 ppm for 15 minutes can cause respiratory tract and eye. At higher exposure levels, workers can develop symptoms of nausea, vertigo and headaches. See the May 23, 2009 article, "Soy Protein Used in "Natural" Foods Bathed in Toxic Solvent Hexane," by Mike Adams. The article reports, "Much of the "natural" soy protein used in foods today is bathed in a toxic, explosive chemical solvent known as hexane.

"To determine the true extent of this hexane contamination, NaturalNews joined forces with the Cornucopia Institute to conduct testing of hexane residues in soy meal and soy grits using FDA-approved and USDA-approved laboratories. The Cornucopia Institute performed the bulk of this effort, and NaturalNews provided funding to help cover laboratory costs."

According to the article in NaturalNews and Mike Adam's article, "Soy Protein Used in "Natural" Foods Bathed in Toxic Solvent Hexane," The results proved to be worrisome: Hexane residues of 21ppm were discovered in soy meal commonly used to produce soy protein for infant formula, protein bars and vegetarian food products.

"These laboratory results appear to indicate that consumers who purchase common soy products might be exposing themselves (and their children) to residues of the toxic chemical hexane -- a neurotoxic substance produced as a byproduct of gasoline refining."

Adam's article reported, "But how dangerous is hexane, exactly? Is it something that could be dangerous at a few parts per million? And which soy-based products on the market right now might be contaminated with hexane?"

Consumers may not realize how widespread the use of hexanes are in extracting materials from manufacturer's food wastes to make certain nutritional supplements

Adam's article noted, "To answer these questions, NaturalNews looked into public documents surrounding Martek Biosciences Corporation, a company that manufactures DHA for infant formula, using hexane for extraction."

According to NaturalNews, "In 2003, an explosion occurred downstream from the Martek Biosciences Corporation manufacturing facility where hexane is used to extract DHA used in infant formula products. Hexane is a highly explosive chemical, and a Kentucky State Fire Marshal concluded it was the release of hexane from the Martek manufacturing facility that caused the explosion." See the May 22, 2008 article, by Mike Adams, "Martek Biosciences, Infant Formula and the Toxic Solvent Hexane - a NaturalNews Investigation." See the resource, SEC documents on the public record to research more information.

What about fish oils? How are fish oils processed? How is the oil extracted?

Squeezed, centrifuged or solvent extraction? Whole body or fish scraps? Sometimes fish oil is processed in ways similar to the processing of olive oil. To find out, you need to ask the manufacturer. What exactly does the label tell you that's in the oil?

You have to ask the manufacturer of the fish oil whether hexane has been used in the extraction process. Hexane also is called a petrochemical solvent. If the manufacturer won't tell you or won't put the extraction process method on the label, it could very well be because hexanes or similar petrochemical solvents were used in the extraction process. See the "Fish Oil Supplements Summary Table."

Are hexanes used to extract lycopene, which is then sold to consumers as tomato extract capable of working more effectively than statins? What studies are telling you is that lycopene is more effective than statins when given in similar high doses as the statins. But you're going to have to look deeper to find out how the lycopene is processed and with what solvents, if any are used by which manufacturers.

The issue is whether you're getting the lycopenes from fresh tomatoes or other red and orange vegetables and fruits (if tomatoes, that are plants of the nightshade species), give you arthritis pain). There are many vegetables outside the nightshade species high in lycopene such as red cabbage, asparagus, and carrots. To see which vegetables are highest in lycopene, check out the Nutrition Data site. You can look up what foods are highest in any nutrient, from fresh vegetables and fruits to canned and packaged foods.

Lycopene may be extracted from tomato waste just as grape seed extract products may be extracted from the grape waste left over from wine-making

So check out the manufacturer and find out with what solvents, if any you're supplements are processed, what type of solvents are left in them, and to which ones you may be sensitive. Do you take a pectin supplement to add fiber to your diet or to reduce cholesterol?

Pectin, essential oils, and dietary fiber are produced from citrus fruit wastes. Manufacturers that used to throw away citrus, tomato, grape, soy, or grain wastes now make money packaging the wastes as food supplements because they are nutritious. But the problem is what type of solvents do some manufacturers use, and what symptoms does it produce in consumers, such as vertigo symptoms from sensitivity to the hexanes in some products. Other supplement manufacturers and distributors advertise that certain supplements are hexane-free, such as several primrose oil products often sold to menopausal women to relieve symptoms.

Ask the manufacturers your supplements whether chemical solvents are used in the processing of the food supplements that your health care providers recommend. The answer should be no. You don't want solvents such as hexanes in your body, but do most manufacturers usually answer letters from shoppers?

You'd be better off eating the whole food, for examples, tomatoes or other red and orange vegetables high in lycopene, or raw wheat germ processed with nitrogen and not with hexanes. You don't want hexanes in your nutritional supplements.

According to the article, Questions You Should Ask About the Food Supplements You Recommend," you don't want a supplement processed with hexane, chloroform and other harsh/volatile chemicals. What is acceptable when supplements are processed to extract their nutrients are only "mild organic acids such as those normally produced in healthy humans."

Make sure the manufacturer of your supplements does not use 'plastic-type' or inorganic coatings

Only pure vegetable coating is safer to use, but only when it is in accordance with good therapeutic principles. Watch the proposed food labeling regulations to see what happens. Speak up or write letters if nothing happens. According to the article, Questions You Should Ask About the Food Supplements You Recommend," Under the proposed guidelines, companies must list (on the label) all chemicals used in the various extraction processes they employ.

If a manufacturer fights the food labeling regulations, ask whether it is because the manufacturer doesn't want the consumer to know that "chemicals such as hexane" or other solvents are used to "remove fat or other substances from adult animal glands and organs prior to the processing of the material."

You don't want your vegan supplements processed with hexanes and other solvents that might damage your nervous system or cause symptoms such as vertigo

Read the article, "Questions You Should Ask About the Food Supplements You Recommend." by Harry O. Eidenier, Jr., Ph.D., N.M.D. The article discusses the fourteen questions doctors (and consumers) need to ask about the food supplements that physicians recommend to their patients (or consumers buy over-the-counter at health food stores) because, "some of the ingredients common to many products in the food supplement industry are manufactured by pharmaceutical companies." For more information, see the article which also explains how Biotics Research does its assays.

Biotics Research has a fully staffed (two full time Ph.D. biochemists on the staff), licensed laboratory. The firm is able to do complete all of the assays required to meet and exceed the requirements of the GMPs. At one time (before the company's food supplement business was as large as it presently is, and the firm was able to expend the time), BRC was under contract with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), to conduct the testing required in association with environmental disasters, for example Love Canal and other sites.

The fourteen questions to ask are:

1) Does your food supplement supplier actually manufacture their own products and the
ingredients that make up the products?

2) What does your food supplement manufacturer make or produce in-house?

3) Is your food supplement manufacturer a fully licensed federally registered
pharmaceutical facility?

4) Does your food supplement supplier manufacture in accordance with good
manufacturing practices (GMPs)?

5) What is the source of the ingredients in your food supplement suppliers products, do
they grow their own plants such as a competitor claims to do?

6) Does every batch of tablets produced by your food supplement manufacturer go through
a disintegration test?

7) Are chemical solvents used in the processing of the food supplements you recommend?

8) Are any coatings used on your food supplement suppliers products?

9) Does your food supplement supplier use binders with their food supplement tablets?

10) How often does your food supplement manufacturer dismantle their equipment and
clean it?

11) As the batch is being made, does your food supplement manufacturer test samples for
weight, hardness, shape and size requirements?

12) Does your food supplement manufacturer keep records on every starting material and
finished product to verify that a nutrient was present at the quantity listed?

13) Does your food supplement manufacturer encourage tours of their manufacturing
facility and are educational materials available to show patients and physicians how the
products are produced?

14) Does your food supplement manufacturer complete in-house microbiology on raw
materials for the presence of contamination, metals, micronutrient levels, and other necessary tests to make sure the raw materials are not contaminated or infected?

What should you do if you're afraid of the hexanes used to process your supplements, such as lycopene or other nutritional products found in health food stores? The answer may be in those home-grown organic tomatoes or the organic tomatoes you buy at those local farmers' markets. Or you could find out from each manufacturer of any of your supplements what solvents, if any, were used in making the product.

The reason is that to extract the lycopene from tomato waste products, the tomato waste may be processed with solvents such as hexane. And some people sensitive to hexanes in their supplements are complaining of symptoms of vertigo

Why are some wheat germ or lycopene brands processed with hexanes and other solvents? See the study, "Effects of lycopene and tomato paste extracts on DNA and lipid oxidation in LNCaP human prostate cancer cells." Also some wheat germ is processed with solvents such as hexane to strip the perishable oil and vitamin E from the germ.

The resulting defatted wheat germ is added by some companies to their products and labeled as "wheat germ." If a product you use is made with "wheat germ" but doesn't list the vitamin E content, you'd be better off by asking the manufacturer to explain why. The issue is whether you'll get an answer to your question if you're not in a laboratory testing or other expert position, for example, an average shopper.

Is the vitamin E content listed if a product is made with wheat germ?

Ask for disclosure. Many nutrients such as lycopene or wheat germ sold in health food stores may be processed with solvents, such as hexanes. Sometimes the vitamins are missing, such as vitamin E. Usually the first way a consumer is alerted is when a manufacturer who doesn't use solvents puts this fact on the food product label.

Some supplements are now being advertised as hexane free, such as certain brands of primrose oil. When you walk into a health food store looking for supplements, you don't know if that wheat grass powder, oil, wheat germ, or lycopene soft gel has been processed with hexanes to extract the nutrient being marketed.

What you should be looking for is a product whose manufacturer has flushed pure nitrogen through the germ and form the bag around it, keeping out the oxygen that damages the vitamins and oils. The problem is that too many nutritional supplements found in whole foods are treated with solvents such as hexanes to make extracts and other supplements.

What you buy as supplements may be derived from tomato waste, grape, or olive leaf wastes and/or wash from the wine or olive industry, and other products coming from whole foods that formerly went to waste

One example is lycopene, derived from tomato waste. According to the June 9, 2009 article, "Negative Impact of Food Technology -The Tomato Story," in the Food Technology, blog, by Dr. Dr. V.H . Potty, Mysore, India, "Successful extraction technology for lycopene recovery from tomato waste can significantly improve the economic aspects of tomato industry besides making available one of the most potent antioxidants for formulating health supplements."

According to the IPCS International Program on Chemical Safety, Health and Safety Guide, "Single exposures to n-hexane can cause vertigo, giddiness, and drowsiness. n-Hexane is a mild skin irritant that causes transient erythema when in short-term contact with skin; it can also irritate the eyes. There are no reports of skin sensitization. The principal adverse effect of exposure to n-hexane is neurotoxicity. It is therefore essential that appropriate precautions should be taken during handling and use.

According to the article, "Negative Impact of Food Technology -The Tomato Story," Dr. V.H. Potty writes, "The observation that tomato paste from whole tomato is more beneficial compared to that made from peeled fruit implicated that peel might have the active principles in greater concentration than in the edible portion. 75% more lycopene and 41% more beta carotene are absorbed from whole tomato paste compared to that from peeled tomato paste."

Exposure to hexanes? Or does the label specify no hexanes in the product?

Exposure to hexanes may cause vertigo, hallucinations, fatigue, muscle weakness, visual disturbances, nervous system disturbances, coughing, chest pains, difficulty in breathing, lung irritation, gastrointestinal
disturbances, and edema which may be fatal. A single exposure to n-hexane can produce vertigo, giddiness, and drowsiness.

According to the June 9, 2009 article, "Negative Impact of Food Technology -The Tomato Story," Treatment with commercial enzymes like pectinase, cellulase and hemicellulases followed by extraction with solvents like hexane, ethyl acetate or mixtures of hexane, acetone and ethanol can achieve recovery as high as 77-88% of the lycopene present in tomato peel. Supercritical fluid extraction with CO2 also gives comparatively purer fraction of lycopene in significant yields.

Fluid extraction with CO2

The article explains, "Supercritical fluid extraction with CO2 also gives comparatively purer fraction of lycopene in significant yields. Development of a pill based on lycopene extracted from tomato waste, milk powder and soy protein isolate by UK scientists for protection against heart attack and stroke seems to have opened the door for marketing such products for the benefit of consumers vulnerable to such disorders."

What should you know about hexanes as compared to say nitrogen or CO2 to extract nutrients from tomato waste or grape waste or any other food waste product that manufacturers bottle and sell as nutritional supplements?

You need to know that longer-term exposures to hexanes can lead to peripheral neuropathy, the first signs of which are symmetrical paraesthesia and weakness, particularly in the lower extremities. Headache, anorexia, dizziness, and sensory impairment may precede, or accompany, the neuropathy.

Most patients of hexane contamination show diminished reflexes; there may be loss of body weight. Exposure to hexanes affect the central and peripheral nervous system and male reproductive function.

A number of studies have linked occupational exposure to n-hexane with the incidence of peripheral neuropathy, though adequate exposure data have usually been lacking. Exposure to air concentrations of n-hexane reported to have varied from 106 mg/m (30 ppm) to 8800 mg/m3 (2500 ppm), has been associated with neuropathy, but the previous exposures of these cases may have been higher.

Mild subclinical neurological effects have been reported from cross-sectional studies on workers exposed to 70-352 mg n-hexane/m (20-100 ppm), but no cases of clinically overt peripheral neuropathy were identified at these concentrations.

Thus, while there is evidence for an effect of n-hexane on the central nervous system, it is not possible to relate this to defined exposure levels, on the basis of the available information. Lycopene is recovered from tomato waste.

It is claimed that the lycopene softgel, capsule, or tablet is much more effective than statins in controlling cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood and prevent damage to arteries. But is the lycopene or other nutritional supplement, oil, bran, or germ, treated with hexanes to extract the materials from the waste products? And do the hexanes in your supplements give you bouts of vertigo?

The multibillion dollar statin industry may frown upon such a development but a natural pill like the one above is certainly preferable to synthetic drugs. Tomato may even become more useful as a health protecting commodity than as a food, if the claims of the virtues attributed to it are confirmed by scientific field trials.

Lycopene is one of the most studied components in the tomato as it has been found to have a vital role in protecting humans from various types of cancer including colorectal, prostate, breast, endometrial, lung and pancreas. Being a powerful antioxidant it has the ability to protect living cells and other structures in the body from oxygen damage and maintain DNA integrity in white blood cells.

Impact of food technology

According to the June 9, 2009 article, "Negative Impact of Food Technology -The Tomato Story," Lycopene is also believed to be able to activate cancer preventing Phase II enzymes. There is another view which gives credit to other components present in tomato along with lycopene for the anticancer activity of the fruit. Lycopene is also linked to improved skin health by virtue of its ability to protect against undesirable UV ray exposure.

Peel contains about 100.8 gm of proteins, 256.4 gm of ash, 299.4 gm of acid detergent fiber per kg and 734 micro gram of lycopene per gm of the peel on dry weight basis. High ash content reported here is due to lye peeling commonly employed for removing the peel portion by the processing industry. Peel is also a source of lutein, beta carotene, cis-beta carotene.

According to the June 9, 2009 article, "Negative Impact of Food Technology -The Tomato Story," Presence of the flavonols Quercitin and Kaempferol, about 5-10 mg per kg of peel on fresh weight basis, is responsible for the cardioprotective role attributed to tomato.

Waste generated containing peel and the seeds can account for as much as 40% of the fresh fruit processed which cannot not be considered insignificant, according to industry estimates. Here is a typical case where the technology for processing tomato is skewed to deprive the processed products of most healthy nutrients which escape through the waste that are discarded.

Successful extraction technology for lycopene recovery from tomato waste can significantly improve the economic aspects of tomato industry besides making available one of the most potent antioxidants for formulating health supplements

Development of a pill based on lycopene extracted from tomato waste, milk powder and soy protein isolate by UK scientists for protection against heart attack and stroke seems to have opened the door for marketing such products for the benefit of consumers vulnerable to such disorders.

It is claimed that the lycopene tablet is much more effective than statins in controlling cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood and prevent damage to arteries. The multibillion dollar statin industry may frown upon such a development but a natural pill like the one above is certainly preferable to synthetic drugs. Tomato may even become more useful as a health protecting commodity than as a food, if the claims of the virtues attributed to it are confirmed by scientific field trials.

By products and waste materials from the food processing industry can be a money spinner if they are appropriately utilized using newer knowledge and technologies

One of the classical examples is production of pectin, essential oils and dietary fiber from citrus wastes. There are many other phytochemicals and biologically active substances derived from food materials having health promoting properties.

These include tocopherol (vitamin E part) from wheat germ, dietary fiber from cereal bran fractions, protease enzyme bromalin from pine apple core, pectin from apple pomace, triacontanol from sugarcane mud, caffeine from tea waste, protein isolates from deoiled residues of soybean and peanut, chitin and chitosan from shrimp waste, fish protein isolate from trash fish, gelatin from slaughter house waste and many others.

The solution to this problem is for manufacturers not to discard the vegetable, grain, soy, or fish wastes. Yes, they are very nutritious. But there must be a safer way to extract the nutrients without using solvents such as hexanes and similar chemicals that give consumers symptoms such as vertigo or other central nervous system or reproductive symptom problems.

There are just too many solvents used to process whole foods

It's bad enough the essential minerals such as magnesium are depleted or low in the soils. Now, we have supplements on the shelf without consumers being able to read on the labels whether or not the product has been processed with solvents. Consumers need to know with what the nutrients have been extracted so they can understand why they are feeling dizzy after taking the nutrient or energy bar and to what solvent they are sensitive.

When it doubt, turn to organic vegetables and fruits. You don't know whether the organic label has revealed what pesticides have been used in what years, if any and not revealed that information. You also don't know whether the vegetables in your backyard is being grown in soil full of rocket fuel left over from decades ago before your home was built. But you do know you're getting closer to having less contaminants in the food.

"The major use for solvents containing hexane is to extract vegetable oils from crops such as soybeans," according to Eco-USA.Net. "Pure hexane is used in laboratories." The site notes, "Most of the hexane used in industry is mixed with similar chemicals in products known as solvents."

Are there any solvents in your supplements and foods?

Common names for some of these solvents are "commercial hexane", "mixed hexanes", "petroleum ether", and "petroleum naphtha". An older name for these types of solvents is "petroleum benzine." Several hundred million pounds of hexane are produced in the United States each year in the form of these solvents.

The point is to find out the method (and solvents, if any) with which your supplements and foods have been processed and what other chemicals have been used in the extraction process. Which are safe? Do you really want the DHA from fish oils in baby food to have been extracted with hexanes or similar solvents? Has there been a recent dump of hexanes into your area's tap water?

It's up to consumers as well as healthcare providers and health food store personnel that suggest or market supplements to patients, to find out what products are manufactured using which solvents that could cause symptoms such as vertigo or other central nervous and/or reproductive system problems.

Did you ever take your family to a local holistic dentist who is trained in nutritional endocrinology?

If so, you'll probably get a diet to follow after your calcium-to-phosphorus ratio has been measured with a blood test. Check out the various directories online of holistic dentists in Sacramento. But generally, Sacramento dentists don't give people blood tests to see whether they have an imbalance in their body chemistry as far as the calcium to phosphorous ratio, which is important in whether your teeth are relatively immune to tooth decay or not.

Simply eating a quarter pound of candy (chocolates made with sugar) may make your phosphorous levels shoot up after less than two hours and out of balance with your calcium levels, possibly putting you in harm's way of tooth decay. You see, tooth decay probably isn't going to happen when your diet keeps your phosphorous to calcium ratio in balance. But first you have to be aware of what that ratio is.

It has been found that a constant ratio of calcium and phosphorous (10-4) in your blood plasma is the optimum requirement for adults. There's a higher and varying level of phosphorous requirement for growing children. And there's a lower (but still proportional levels) of calcium to phosphorous being required when you're in your older years. Whether you get tooth decay or not depends upon a certain proportion of calcium and phosphorous in your blood.

Scientists still don't know what the ratio might be for manufacturing bone, but as far as tooth decay prevention, if you have a certain ratio of calcium to phosphorous in your blood, you may become immune to tooth decay, probably, according to Dr.Page's book, which was inspired by the books written by Weston A. Price, DDS, in the 1930s.

Also decalcification of your teeth happens when there's a mineral imbalance in your saliva. And repeated tests have long proven that a mineral imbalance in your saliva is a reflection of your calcium-to-phosphorous ratio. When the calicum-phosphorous ratio is imbalanced in your blood, your salivary secretions are no longer acid, and erosion of your teeth stops happening.

Some holistic dentists follow the teachings of Dr. Melvin E. Page, who is co-author of the book, Your Body is Your Best Doctor. If your holistic dentist is using the teachings found by numerous holistic dentists in the field of nutritional endocrinology, then your holistic dentist will probably tell you that it's the ratio of calcium to phosphorous in your body that probably determines whether or not you'll get tooth decay.

Dr. Westin Price, DDS inspired Dr. Page, as Dr. Price believed that an unbalanced ratio of calcium to phosphorous in your body led to a variety of degenerative diseases including some of the chronic diseases and also tooth decay, tooth infection, and inflammation. Basically, Dr. Page found that the ideal ratio of calcium to phosphorus in your body for ideal health should be around 2 1/2/:1.

This ration was then used by Dr. Page to determine the correct nutritional diet and/or supplements dosages in order to balance the chemistry of your body. That's how nutrition and endocrinology becomes linked, by using nutrition to help balance the chemistry of your body.

Also body measurement was used. For example the length and circumference of your lower leg and lower arm. The lower limbs were measured to determine inherited glandular patterns in your body. This happened many years before the concept of tailoring your diet to your genes became popular. In those days the balancing focused on your body chemistry and endocrinology.

The idea was that slight glandular imbalances may lead to degenerative diseases. And nutrition can help to bring back balance in the chemistry in your body. For example, too much calcium in your blood may lead to too much tartar or plaque accumulating on your teeth. Too much acid in your mouth, and you have tooth decay. Too much alkaline in your mouth, and you have gum disease. To rebalance your body chemistry in various parts of your body from your calcified pineal gland to your constant tooth decay required changing your diet. Sometimes the culprit was drinking too much milk. Or perhaps your teeth have been ruined by too much sugar.

Dr. Page made these discoveries more than 40 years ago. Why hasn't your local, Sacramento dentist handed you a diet sheet about nutrition and endocrinology today? Could it be because of lack of training as a holistic dentist schooled in nutritional endocrinology? Concepts such as inflammation in a tooth joint, known as pyorrhea is related to inflammation in a joint known as arthritis. It is about these parallels that holistic dentistry researches.

The goal in 'green' dental endocrinology is to correct body chemistry through nutrition. And nutrition is linked to the 'green' environment, such as the quality of minerals in the soil and tap water. For further information, see the book Your Body is Your Best Doctor, by Melvin E. Page, DDS and H. Leon Abrams, Jr. (Pages 194-200 are especially important as far as explaining how nutrition helps to prevent tooth decay.)

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