This is one of the most widespread illnesses cats contract and is frequently caused by the feline calicivirus or feline herpes virus. This airborne virus is effortlessly spread from one cat to another. Cats under stress and breeds with truncated nasal passages—such as Persians—are chiefly susceptible.
Symptoms include runny nose, sneezing, rapid breathing or fever. If your feline develops a secondary bacterial infection with the upper respiratory infection, he/she will need antibiotics. However, the best treatment is at all times prevention: Make sure your cat's immunizations are up to date and that he/she receives regular check-ups from a veterinarian.
Your veterinarian will prescribe the best course of healing for your cat, which may include isolation, medications, rest and support with fluids and nutritional support.
Left untreated, some upper respiratory infections can progress to pneumonia or have other grim complications, such as blindness or chronic breathing difficulties.
To prevent upper respiratory infections in cats, keep him/her indoors to reduce the risk of exposure to infected animals. Isolate infected cats properly to protect other pets living in the same environment.
Be sure to minimize stress. Keep your kitty current on all vaccines as recommended by your veterinarian. Vaccines for upper respiratory disease in cats may not, in reality prevent infection, but they certainly can help lessen the severity of the disease in many cases.
Regular veterinary exams and preventive care can help catch and treat problems early on. A cat’s very best defense against upper respiratory infection is a healthy immune system.
Practice good hygiene and wash your hands meticulously when handling multiple cats.