According to research from News-Medical.net
Diabetes is a condition where the body fails to utilize the ingested glucose properly. This could be due to lack of the hormone insulin or because the insulin that is available is not working effectively.
The term diabetes is the shortened version of the full name diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is derived from:
the Greek word diabetes meaning siphon - to pass through
the Latin word mellitus meaning honeyed or sweet
This is because in diabetes excess sugar is found in blood as well as the urine. It was known in the 17th century as the “pissing evil”
Types of diabetes
There are two types of diabetes – Type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and occurs at a younger age or childhood. In these patients there is complete lack of the hormone insulin that mandates external administration of the hormone regularly as treatment.
Around 75% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes mellitus. This was earlier termed non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or maturity-onset diabetes mellitus. The number of people with type 2 diabetes is rapidly increasing. In type 2 diabetes, not enough insulin is produced or the insulin that is made by the body is insufficient to meet the needs of the body. Obesity or being overweight predisposes to type 2 diabetes.
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Previous information was written by Dr Ananya Mandal, MD
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