Many gardeners think of fall as the time to lay their gardening aside and forget about it until the spring. But, seasoned gardeners, especially organic growers know that fall is the most important time to improve your soil and get it ready for spring planting.
The first thing to consider as you harvest your garden crops, is putting down compost where you have removed plants. It is a good idea to till the rows as you remove the plants, and follow up with 4 or 5 inches of compost. Also, this should be while daytime temperatures are still warm. It causes the microbes to become stimulated and go work enriching the soil. When springtime arrives, the soil will already be enriched and ready for you. Also compost should be placed around your flowers , shrubs and trees after pruning.
Raw organic matter can also be added. This can be in the form of a barnyard manure, shredded leaves, vegetable scraps from the kitchen, and of course, my favorite, worm compost. It is best if this is tilled in along with the other compost. You may need to add some nitrogen to this process to keep the organisms doing their job decomposing the matter.
In the spring time you might want to check your soil's ph before planting time, and add addition organic materials to get the levels right for what you will be planting.
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