The Grand Canyon is one of the most iconic emblems of the American Southwest as well as an internationally famous location. It is also a Natural Wonder of the World. The Grand Canyon is a steep-sided canyon that was carved by the Colorado River in the desert state of Arizona. The process occurred naturally and has been going on for over 17 million years! The Grand Canyon is most notable for the reddish coloration of the canyons which gives it a unique appearance that has become associated with the southwestern landscape of the United States. Every year the Grand Canyon is visited by thousands of tourists from all over the world.
Below are some facts about the Grand Canyon:
• The Grand Canyon is managed by the Grand Canyon National Park
• The Grand Canyon is 277 miles long and up to 18 miles wide. At its highest point the canyon depth is over 6,000 feet—that is equal to over a mile of distance between the bottom of the canyon and the top of the peak!
• The Grand Canyon is home to many Native America tribes who believed that the location was holy. For example, the Pueblo People made pilgrimages to the canyon far before Europeans ever set foot in North America.
• According to documentation, the first European to see the Grand Canyon was Garcia Lopez de Cardenas who came to America from Spain in 1540.