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Facts about the Arctic

The Arctic is the region that is found on the northernmost part of planet earth. Considered to be a “polar region,” the Arctic is the legendary home of Santa Claus and the North Pole and it’s also an exceptionally cold location. For example, the warmest month in the Arctic is July and the temperature is still below 10 degree on average!

Walrus are native to the Arctic.
Walrus are native to the Arctic.
Photo by Joern Pollex/Getty Images

Along with the Arctic Ocean, the Arctic region is made up of parts of Russia, Greenland, Canada, USA, Norway, Iceland, Sweden and Finland. The name ‘Arctic’ comes from a Greek word meaning ‘near the bear’ and the coldest temperature ever recorded there was -90 degrees!

Despite the chill of the Arctic, indigenous peoples have managed to adapt to its extremely cold temperatures. The Arctic also has a thriving ecosystem of fish, birds, marine and land animals and plants. Among the life forms in the Arctic are walrus, seals, polar bears, wolverines, squirrels and several kinds of birds and fish.

The Arctic is also rich in natural resources such as minerals, fresh water, oil and gas. This has made the Arctic important for technology and economic purposes. Finding the balance between using the Arctic’s resources and preserving the landscape can prove challenging; especially with the increasingly threat of global warming. In fact, Arctic region has shrunk in the past few decades. At present there are several environmental movements that aim to preserve the Arctic for future generations since it is an essential component to the earth’s ecosystem and this has also led to an increase in eco-tourist to the area.