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Facts about Joan Miro

Joan Miro was an abstract artist who is widely regarded as being one of the most influential artists of all time. Joan Miro was born in Barcelona, Spain, on April 20, 1893. Joan Miro’s artwork has been described as “surrealism” and his paintings, sculptures and ceramics are famous for their bright colors and odd shapes. Joan Miro was born into a family of goldsmiths and watchmakers. He was always interested in art and he attended art classes from the time he was a teenager. However, he worked as a businessman for many years before turning to art full time. Miro enjoyed a solo show in Barcelona in 1918. He went on the gain massive popularity in the 1920s throughout the 1940s and his work remains highly regarded today. Joan Miro died in Spain on December 25, 1983. He was 90 years old. Although Joan Miro is gone his artwork continues to bring joy to millions of people.

Joan Miro’s artwork is colorful and playful but often conceals messages about serious subjects under the surface.
Sean Gallup/Getty Images
Miro's artwork is usually bright and colorful.
Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Below are a few facts about Joan Miro:

• In the 1920s Joan Miro moved to Paris, France. While there he met other avant-garde artists such as Alexander Calder.

• In 1924 Joan Miro joined a surrealist artists group. This group helped his work gain public recognition and inclusion in several gallery shows.

• On October 12, 1929, Joan Miro married Pilar Juncosa. They had one child, a daughter named Dolors who was born in 1931.

• Although Joan Miro’s artwork is usually associated with the playful and childlike there are surprisingly adult themes under the surface. For instance, many of his paintings depict nudes (although this is often difficult to realize due to the overwhelmingly abstract nature of the shapes) and a lot of his work was influenced by conflicts such as the Spanish Civil War and World War II.

• In his later career, Joan Miro often included depictions of women, birds, and the moon in his paintings.

• In 1974 Joan Miro created a tapestry for the World Trade Center in New York City. Unfortunately, this piece of artwork was destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks on the buildings.

• In 1979 Joan Miro received a doctorate honoris causa from the University of Barcelona.

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