Grasshoppers are insects that are named for their ability to jump—or hop—tall distances at high speeds. Grasshoppers are excellent climbers and they can often be spotted on top of plants or even on the trunks of trees. Some grasshoppers can fly and change colors. Although there are over 20,000 different species of grasshoppers on earth, most are either naturally brown or green (green grasshoppers are especially common in the New York area). Grasshoppers eat leaves and grass and although they can be useful to balance the environment, too many grasshoppers can dwindle down crop numbers and become a form of pests (even plague). Although grasshopper’s can occasionally cause problems to farmers and produce producers, they are very unique looking insects and that has made them very popular in media including children’s books and merchandise.
Below is a list of facts about grasshoppers:
• Grasshoppers make their distinctive sound by rubbing their wings or legs together. Males most often make noise to attract females and keep other males away.
• Grasshoppers can jump 20 times the length of their body!
• Grasshoppers only eat plants, not other bugs.
• Grasshoppers can live in various locations. For example, they can survive in meadows, bogs and swamps as well as the arctic tundra or even deserts!
• Most grasshoppers are less than three inches long; some are not even one inch!