External parasites take residence on your feline’s body. These are identified by physical examination and by tests run on your their skin. If left untreated, parasites can make life unhappy for your cat. Luckily, there is much you can do to prevent and treat them.
o Ear Mites – Cats are very vulnerable to ear mites. Since they can easily lead to secondary ear infections, it is imperative to check their ears on a regular basis. They typically obtain ear mites from contact with other cats. If you have more than one cat and one of them becomes infected contact your veterinarian about treatment or prevention for the others as well. Signs of ear mites include shaking of the head and excessive ear scratching. Ears may show bumpy spots or have material resembling dried blood in them. Other signs of ear mites encompass dark, rank smelling ear wax. Your veterinarian can recommend eardrops for treatment and demonstrate how to keep your cat’s ears clean.
o Fleas – Fleas are often attained from another cat or from their surroundings. Always look for fleas during grooming sessions. If you believe your cat has fleas, get a hold of your veterinarian for a safe and effectual treatment technique. Signs of flea infestation include recurrent biting or scratching of the fur. Sporadically you will see small red spots on kitty’s skin. Black specks may cling to kitty’s fur on his/her neck or rump. The only way to combat flea infestation is to treat both your cat and his/her entire environment.
There are many ways to battle fleas. A flea dip or bath by a veterinarian or groomer is the most proficient treatment for serious problems. Another resolution is to bathe your cat methodically, then follow up with flea powder or spray which is labeled safe for cats. Do not buy or use these products at random; some combinations of insecticides can be detrimental to your cat because they lick themselves as part of standard grooming. If in doubt, always contact your veterinarian for a harmless and effectual flea treatment plan.
You must also thoroughly wash your cat’s bedding in boiling hot, soapy water. Clean the carpeting with a commercial rug cleaner safe for cats. Vacuum meticulously and throw away vacuum cleaner bags immediately. Use flea-killing room foggers following your veterinarian’s instructions to make sure all newly born fleas and eggs are destroyed. In addition, confer with a professional exterminator if the problem gets out of hand.
o Ticks and Lice – Providentially, ticks and lice not as common of a problem as fleas. Nevertheless, you should once in a while examine your cat for these parasites, above all if you live in a hot or wooded region where ticks flourish.
A hidden tick may bear a resemblance to a scar or other bump. Get rid of a tick by grasping it with a tweezers near the skin and pulling upward gradually and firmly. Evade twisting and breaking the tick’s head off. Leaving it in your cat could cause skin infection and irritation. Once the tick is removed apply antiseptic to the skin.
Lice can be controlled with most flea sprays and powders. Be sure to use only those which are cat-safe and approved by your veterinarian.
o Mange - Mange is caused by numerous kinds of mites. It can be transmitted to humans as well. As a pre-emptive measure, make sure your cat avoids needless contact with other cats. Signs of mange include excessive bleeding, loss of fur in patches, or bald spots around the eyes, ears or nose. Your veterinarian can use an effective insecticidal dip to treat mange.