Both low and high income countries around the world face serious health challenges and needs that must be addressed. For some context, a low income country is one that had an annual gross national product (GNP) per capita equivalent to $745 or less in 2003. A high income country had an annual GNP per capita equivalent to $9,026 or greater in 2003.
In 2012, the most common causes of death around the world consisted of ischaemic heart disease (kills 7,250,000 annually), stroke (kills 6,150,000 annually), lower respiratory infections (kills 3,460,000 annually), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (kills 3,280,000 annually) and diarrhoeal disease (kills 2,460,000 annually). India is one nation that has serious health needs—the heavily populated country has only nine hospital beds per 10,000 people, compared to 30 hospital beds per 10,000 people in the U.S. Only 58 percent of births in the country are attended by skilled health personnel.
While both low and high income countries face some similar specific health challenges, the average life expectancy in high income countries is far higher than the average life expectancy in low income countries.
To learn more about health needs around the world, take a look at this interactive infographic presented by toprntobsn.com.