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Enfield firearms were used by both sides in the Civil War

Enfield rifled musket
Enfield rifled musket

The Enfield musket, manufactures in England, was a popular firearms for soldiers on both sides during the Civil War. The .577 caliber rifled musket got its name from the armory located at the Enfield lock.

The gun was quite similar to the American made Springfield musket in weight and length, firing the same minie ball and paper cartridge ammunition that fit the .58 caliber Springfield gun. It also had a similar bayonet.

It is estimated that just slightly under a million Enfields were shipped to the U.S., making it second only to the Springfield in popularity during the war. American manufacturers such as Sharps, Remington, Colt and the Springfield armory (the Harpers Ferry armory was not in operation during the war) could not keep up with the demand for firearms as the war accelerated, requiring both sides to seek manufacturers in Europe to provide weapons.

Reportedly, marksmen using the finely tuned rear sight on the Enfield could hit a man at 600 yards.

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