Education reform has been occurring for years. Reform has taken place for a variety of different causes, issues, movements, or reasons. It has occurred on a variety of different fronts, deriving from diverse origins, and stemmed from a number of different agendas. These different agendas, causes, and movements all rest their success on the venue from which the policies were advocated for and achieved. When speaking about venues, venues are referring to the institution where the policy was dismissed, enacted, or reformed. These different venues include the judicial, legislative, or referendum also known as the plebiscite, where the public is allowed to enact policy reform without the permission from the government. When considering these different venues, the characteristics of these venues must be considered, in order to help establish the appropriateness of the venue and the likelihood of policy success.
Each venue carries its own characteristic thus one venue may be suited for a particular reform while the other one may not. Hence, scholars and professionals alike consider the policy process not complete without considering the venue where it has taken place. The downside of this is that not much research has been conducted on the relationship of venue choice and policy success. The only thing that is known about the relationship of education reform and venue choice is the number of education reforms dismissed, enacted, or reformed, and the venue where each education policy decision took place. However, this article will discuss the importance of the two working together and not apart or separately.
The characteristics present within each venue are mainly marked by the participants in each venue. The rules, laws, and customs of each venue, whether it is the judicial, legislative, or plebiscite help shape the participants and vice verse. Each venue characteristics are as follow, when there is a need for policy creation, or to uphold or breakdown policy the judicial branch is most well suited, the legislative branch is needed to allow for policy creation and changes and, the referendum or plebiscite is the stage where the public or the people are allowed to enact a change in policy without having to deal with the procedures of legislature.Thus, the characteristics of the venues are important when determining how education reform should take place and in what ways. Hence, all of these characteristics help determine what reformed will be presented where. Conversely, the policy itself may be the determinant for where it will be presented. A certain policy and its characteristics may be better suited for a certain particular venue.
In addition, multiple venues may be necessary to allow policy reform to gain success. This may be necessary for the lack of receptive ears for the policy being discussed. Participants of one venue may not be as receptive or sensitive to the policy in referendum as they are in another, causing for a shift in policy venues or a need to use additional venues. Also, with the policy itself, the history of its progress, there may be found a need for it to involve more than one location or venue in order for success to be achieved. Policies may have certain characteristics, clauses, or stipulations which may require for a certain venue to have preference.