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Ebola sweeps through southern Guinea

1976 photograph of two nurses standing in front of a patient with Ebola virus disease during outbreak in Zaire (now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
CDC

A recent outbreak of Ebola has already killed 59 people as it rages through the west African nation of Guinea and threatens to spread to Monrovia, Liberia according to an unnamed medical source, who noted that “80% of trade goods in the local markets there come from Guinea.” There are also fears that it may have already spread to Sierre Leone as well.

"We are overwhelmed in the field, we are fighting against this epidemic with all the means we have at out disposal with the help of our partners but it is difficult. But we will get there," said Sakoba Keita, the ministry's chief disease prevention officer told the AFP.

As a result Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has issued a statement saying it plans to “strengthen its team of 24 doctors, nurses, logisticians and experts in hygiene and sanitation already in the country.”

Ebola (aka hemoragic fever) is caused by four of five viruses classified in the genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales: Bundibugyo virus (BDBV), Ebola virus (EBOV), Sudan virus (SUDV), and Taï Forest virus (TAFV) and spread through contact with contaminated feces, as well as blood or other bodily floods from an infected person, as well as objects such as needles or utensils used by them.

Symptoms, which generally occur anywhere from 2-21 days following exposure generally include diarrhea, fever and chills, vomiting. headache, join and muscle pain, stomach and chest pains as well as difficulty breathing and swallowing, as well as bleeding both internally and externally, agitation, confusion, fatigue, depression, seizures, and (sometimes) coma.