In a study just published in the August 2013 issue of Journal of Nutrition, researchers from the University of Hawaii Cancer Center discovered that eating more fruits and vegetables might lower the risk of invasive bladder cancer in women.
Investigators analyzed data from almost 186,000 older adults for a period of 12.5 years, of which 581 cases of invasive bladder cancer cases were diagnosed among both men and women.
After adjusting for age and other variables that are related to cancer risk, they found that women who consumed the greatest amount of fruits and vegetables had the lowest bladder cancer risk. No associations between fruit and vegetable intake were found in men.
Researchers noted that women who ate the most orange and yellow vegetables were 52% less likely to have bladder cancer than women consuming the least orange-yellow vegetables. Data also suggested that women with the highest intake of vitamins A, C and E had the lowest risk of bladder cancer.
Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of the antioxidant vitamins A (from beta carotene), C and E as well as a host of phytochemicals and cancer fighting compounds. The American Institute for Cancer Research advises all individuals to include a variety of fruits and vegetables in their diets each day, to reduce their risk of cancer.