One can easily centers a sound argument on the basic assertion that “Communal groups are motivated by more than greed or power.” The idea that the social contract is basis by which this so called greed is founded and maintained one can easily understand the underline resentment of competition, but then Gurr continues with the statement of “Minority peoples are culturally distinct groups in plural societies who seek equal rights, opportunities, and access to power within existing political communities.” Fundamentally Gurr makes the argument each individual group must agree to the collective choice, and this can only be done through a vote in which each citizen must participate for the pluralist state to exist, thus minorities who are apart of the state must be able to overcome its ethnic identity to assimilate .
When assessing the likelihood that minorities will rebel he breaks down the issue into 2 distinct schools of thought.. The first being the alarmist which are comprised of impact of violent communal conflict on global security perceives “that the world is on the downward slope to anarchy within and among states and to polarization of societies and continents along lines of religious and cultural cleavage.”( Gurr). The second being “evidence on trends during the last decade suggests a more optimistic
Gurr list four reasons why minorities groups rebel. The first being the salience of ethno cultural identity for members and leaders of the group. Gurr is quoted as saying “if a communal group is treated differently, by denial or privilege, its members will
become more self-conscious about their common bonds and interests.” As seen in Apartheid ,Jim Crow Laws of Pre civil rights movement US and most recent the Israel/ Palestinian . We see is that these movements where ethno-cultural in nature.
The second being the extent to which the group has collective incentives for political action. Gurr clearly points out that when a particular cause that acts as a uniting factor ie. Oppressive laws that single out particular gourds or isolates them
The third the extent of the group's capacities for collective action. A groups ability to mobilize in large numbers is very important. In the civil rights movement the US saw a catalyzed movement started in an isolated area of the country and galvanized into to social movement that redefined a super power.
The final point is the availability of opportunities in the group's political environment that increase its chances of attaining group objectives through political action. Gurrs’s suggestion that the “more skin in the game” a communal group or socio-ethic demographic has in the overall success and profit in the success of the state the less likely they are to revolt.
The values universal values of freedom, and the inalienable value and respect for human rights and the principle of holding regular and legitimate elections by universal suffrage are essential elements to the foundation of a democratic state. In return, democracy provides the universal environment for the protection and effective realization of human rights. These values are embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and further reinforced in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which legislate a number of political rights and civil liberties underpinning meaningful democracies. The bond between democracy and human rights is set to precedent in article 21(3) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states: “The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.”