Drenching rain, shipwrecks and record heat top the list of Michigan weather events on this day in history. From the National Weather Service archives here are the events that happened on September 14.
1867 - The wood schooner, 2-mast Wellington, while carrying 14,000 bushels of wheat, drove onto Skillagallee Reef in a gale in Lake Michigan and broke up while bound Chicago for Goderich. She had just been repaired at Chicago following a major leak a week before.
1886 - The wood schooner Flying Dutchman had a "Note in bottle" found at St. Martin's Island, Oct 13, '86 read "Schooner Flying Dutchman wrecked on Lake Huron, September 14, 1886. All hands perish." The note was considered a hoax because the vessel did not appear in Lloyd's Register, but this vessel disappeared from papers at about 1886. The ship sank somewhere in the Strait of Mackinac in a gale in Lake Huron with 3 crew members perishing.
1890 - The wood, packet (former tug) Lady Washington, while carrying general freight, struck bottom at Saul Choux Point, MI in Lake Michigan and sank in a northwest gale while on her usual run between St. Ignacio and Manistique, Michigan with a total loss of about $10,000. Saul Choux Point is often pronounced in Michigan as "shoe-schwa," called by sailors "sole choice," which is the name's literal translation from French. The lighthouse was completed on the point the following year.
1928 - Tornadoes struck across Lower Michigan. A tornado hit in Mason County south of Scottville damaging at least three homes and injuring two people. The roof of one home was carried over a mile. Another tornado destroyed several barns, killing cattle about 2 miles south of Cedar Springs in Kent County. What may have been a tornado took part of the roof off a factory and warehouse in Grand Rapids.
1939 – A stretch of record breaking heat is underway as Grand Rapids hits 95°, Alpena 94°, Detroit 98°, Flint 98°, Houghton Lake 94°, and Sault Ste. Marie 89°.
1996 - A pressure of 993mb was recorded in the "eye" of an intense storm system that formed over Lake Huron that had many uncanny similarities to a tropical hurricane. In fact, this storm was nicknamed the "Huroncane". By 2PM on this day, the "eye" of this storm measured 20 miles across and was ringed by tall cumulus clouds resembling an eyewall of a normal hurricane. At one point, this storm even produced tropical storm force winds (39-73mph)!
2008 - Ten days after the remnants of Hurricane Gustav drenched southern Lower Michigan; the remnants of Hurricane Ike brought another round of heavy rain. From 3 to 6 inches of rain, on the 13th and 14th, caused flooding, with some road washouts. Grand Rapids saw 4.17”, Lansing 5.44”, Detroit 3.78” and Flint 4.67”. The Weather Prediction Center (WPC) has a detailed discussion and summary of the hurricane on their website: Hurricane Ike September 8-15 2008. This includes a map showing the track of Ike and the rainfall from the Gulf Coast to Michigan.