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Doctor recommended treatment options for atherosclerosis

Regular exercise can help improve circulation.
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Treatments for atherosclerosis vary according to the severity of the problem. Your doctor can tell you what options suit your situation best. They will likely include some diet and lifestyle changes. There may be medications you will have to take on a daily basis. In some cases, atherosclerosis may also necessitate minor or major surgical procedures.

Diet changes

It's highly likely that your doctor will advise dietary changes for atherosclerosis. You will most likely be advised to avoid foods containing high amount of salt, sugar and saturated fats. In some cases, these foods will have to be eliminated altogether.

Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle changes may be recommended as treatment options for atherosclerosis. Expect to be put on a regular exercise regimen. If you are a smoker, heavy drinker or use illegal drugs, you will be advised to give up these unhealthy habits.


Your doctor may prescribe medications known as anticoagulants for atherosclerosis. These drugs will thin the blood. They are given to inhibit the formation of blood clots. Ask your doctor about natural options that may be used along with your treatment. For instance, garlic is one natural anticoagulant that may help.

Cholesterol medications

Your doctor may prescribe cholesterol medications. There are a wide variety of medications in this category. Some lower bad (LDL) cholesterol while others raise good (HDL) cholesterol. Your doctor will decide which is right for you.

Anti-platelet medicines

Anti-platelet medications keep platelets from sticking together. Your doctor may prescribe an anti-platelet medication as a treatment option for atherosclerosis. Some patients are advised to go on an aspirin a day regimen as an anti-platelet medication, others may be prescribed stronger pills.

Blood pressure medications

High blood pressure greatly increases the risk of developing or worsening atherosclerosis. If you have high blood pressure, your doctor may subscribe medication as treatment for atherosclerosis. The blood pressure of atherosclerosis patients is closely monitored throughout any treatment.


What is endarterectomy? This is a surgical procedure in which fat deposits are physically removed from the arteries. Your doctor will recommend this treatment option for atherosclerosis if it's right for you.


This common treatment option for atherosclerosis is familiar to many. Angioplasty is a way of widening the arteries. A balloon is inserted into the artery and inflated to open it up. Sometimes a tube is left in the artery to hold it open.

Thrombolytic therapy surgery

Thrombolytic therapy is sometimes used as a treatment option for atherosclerosis. This involves injecting a drug into the vein where a clot is formed. The drug is designed to dissolve the clot. The blood can then move freely through the vein.

Bypass surgery

This major surgery is usually a last resort for atherosclerosis patients. A new passageway is surgically implanted around a blocked artery. This is done using a synthetic material or a vein from another area of the body, usually the leg.

Please note: The author is not a licensed medical professional. This article is not intended to replace professional medical advice.


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This article was previously published by this author on a now closed Yahoo! property.

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