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Disease outbreaks for the week of April 25, 2010


Here are some of the infectious disease outbreaks as reported in the media and health organizations throughout the globe.


4 people sickened with pig streptococcus in Vietnam


The director of the Central Hospital of Tropical Diseases in Vietnam has made an announcement about the infection of 4 people from a porcine disease (likely Streptococcus suis), a potentially fatal zoonosis.

Two of the 4 patients are currently under the care of mechanical ventilation. The disease has 3 forms: meningitis, septicemia, or both meningitis and septicemia. If not promptly treated, patients may develop blood clots, multi-organ failure, liver failure, kidney failure, lung failure, and death.


Infection with S. suis occurs mainly among those who slaughter infected pigs. Eating cooked meat or organs from infected pigs poses no risk to people.

Nearly 1000 cases of Hepatitis A this year in Moscow


According to the medical authorities in Moscow, there have been more than 930 cases in the 1st quarter of 2010. This is twice the amount of cases from the same period in 2009.


The Russian Public Health Service has attributed this outbreak to poor quality tap-water.


Hepatitis A is a viral liver infection that can result in mild or severe illness. It is spread by fecal-oral transmission when a person is exposed to contaminated food and drink. The disease is closely associated with poor sanitation, a lack of personal hygiene and poor quality urban water supplies.

Malaria outbreak in India


Recently, five districts in India have reported increases of malaria to include: Bijapur has reported 436 cases, Bagalkot 74, Koppal 275, Chitradurga 15 and Tumkur 214.

Increases of meningococcal meningitis in the “meningitis belt”

Several countries in the meningitis belt of Africa (Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria, Chad, and Ghana) are experiencing outbreaks of the potentially fatal disease.


In Burkina Faso alone, the Ministry of Health has reported 5118 suspected cases of meningitis, including 718 deaths.


One of the problems is a new strain of meningitis, NMX, or put simply strain X has appeared in Burkina Faso.


The emergence of a new strain (serogroup X) of meningococcal meningitis in Burkina Faso this year  has led to huge outbreaks in the country, with 46 percent of the regions in the country being at epidemic level.


 

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