In 2012, the journal of seminars in cutaneous medicine and surgery reported that non-melanoma skin cancer is the most common malignancies among the white population. Over 2 million cases are currently being treated in the United States. Skin cancers account for one in three of all diagnosed tumors.
Several environmental and lifestyle factors were associated in the development of skin tumors.
- Ultra-violet radiation.
- Viral infections.
- Genetic hereditary factor, only 5%.
- Wrong diet poor in antioxidants.
Dietary botanical decrease UV damages and prevent skin cancers.
The use of sunscreens for skin protection is helpful but their protection is inadequate to prevent all the risks of solar related skin disorders. Certain fruits and plants contain specific compounds. These constituents act as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory. The flavonoids and phenolic compounds are important for the suppression of adverse biological effects of solar photons.
- Lycopene: the carotenoid is found in tomato. It is higher in tomato sauce.
- Vitamin C, A, t-resveratrol found in grape seeds.
- Olive oil extract.
- Scutellaria baicalensis roots contain baicalensis and wogonin. Both compounds obstruct ultra violet radiation.
- Mangiferin: the natural phenol is found in Anemarrhea asphodeloides rhizomes and mango or Mangifera indica. The compound inhibits UVB induced wrinkle formation.
- Turmeric extract from Curcuma longa: oral administration may be helpful to prevent skin disorders.
- Green tea polyphenols.
- Polypodium leucotomas: oral administration.
- Lonicera caerulea fruits or blue-berried honeysuckle.
- Broccoli sprout extracts.