A fashionable body ornament, tattooing is increasing among young people. Up to 24 percent in the USA endorse this phenomenon. Popular icons from the sport, music or film industries serve as role model for these Youngers. However, research indicates that many adolescents may not comprehend the potential health risks and complications related to tattooing. Multiple cases of skin pathologies have been recorded for many years.
In 1984, cosmetic tattooing such as permanent lip pigmentation was introduced in the West; although the art of tattooing dates back to 40, 000 years. Tattoos have different meanings depending on the culture or country. Body paintings can be done for religious devotion or ritual reasons. In the past, most countries used tattooing as a means for ownerships. Slaves during the Roman Empire were tattooed for control reasons. Gangs, armed forces and prison inmates use tattoos to separate themselves from others.
Exogenous pigments and dyes to obtain a permanent design may pose a higher risk of skin inflammation and other systematic illnesses. Toxic metals are in aluminum, copper, lead, antimony, mercury, cadmium, barium and more. Large amount of metallic salts and organic dyes remain in the skin over a lifetime.
- Infection, associated dermatoses, and allergic reactions to tattoos continue to be reported in the medical literature.
- Several studies have shed light on the presence of potential carcinogenic or pro carcinogenic products in tattoo inks. Several cases of skin cancer have been recorded.
CDC recommends that ink manufacturers ensure ink is sterile and that tattoo artists avoid contamination of ink through dilution with non-sterile water. Consumers also should be aware of the health risks associated with getting an intradermal tattoo.
Other additional cases of allergic contact dermatitis are also being described with temporary henna tattooing and cosmetic tattoos.
- When henna is mixed with an additive like para-phenylenediamine or PPD to obtain black henna, it can increase a lifelong contact allergy. Multiple cases of skin sensitization have been recorded among younger people.