When examining the over all concepts man state – system conflict one can easily assess that conflict can originate at any level and all levels when opposing parties seek to overcome the very balance of each other as the state seeks maintain control over all parties while balancing itself against another nation-state in a multipolar environment. accepted The traditional understanding of Man vs. State vs. System is based in inseparability and the need to balance power. It is this balance that brings “peace” or “domestic homogeny” . It is when that homogony is disrupted that conflict occurs. The first being group motives and group inequali¬ties, which specifically address the ethnic conflicts that have based on recent evidence that there are in decline. The second being individual gains from conflict resulting, which specifically that the net benefits of war make them necessary and profitable to fight. The third being a failed "social contract" a failed social contract is the mother of revolution.many “ sovereign states” with no law or governing body among, with their own self interest among them conflict is bound to occur. Simply put, for over 300 hundred years the traditional nation state has served as the primary unit for the make up of the international framework by which we function in today. Although the “nation-state” still exist the conditions of global information system and the global economy are such that the far reaching impact of domestic affairs and external forces have been amplified dramatically .
Cost-benefit strategy and how it is applied to Counterinsurgency
CBA or Cost benefit analysis is a decision making tool used by private sector entities and governments to determine weather a particular policy or strategy can guessed and to determine the probability of achieving a certain outcome. When applied to COIN or counterinsurgency, it is used to determine a particular policy will yield a desired outcome politically and if a threshold of loss can be maintained in order to achieve a desired outcome. In this case it was used to measure an opponents endurance, thereby developing a strategy to supersede that endurance thus overwhelming the opponent.
It is “predicated on the assumption that an insurgent conflict could be defeated through the capacity to harm insurgents (and their support system) at a level beyond their accepted "cost-tolerance level"(beyond which pain and destruction are no longer acceptable), can be traced to nuclear deterrence logic.”
Schultz breaks it down to two theories, rational economic decision theory and game theory, Schultz the asserts that “This proposition essentially constitutes "deterrence by punishment." Schultz thusly comments that the "spillover" from “strategic deterrence theory into the realm of conventional and unconventional warfare strategy is evident in the cost-benefit thus making them ineffective.
The objective of “Status Que” in foreign Policy the establishment and maintenance of the current diplomatic norms. It is the esurient of the traditional balance of power and the international hierarchy of powers. Montague outlines policy of the status quo aims at the maintenance of the distribution of power as it exists at a particular moment in history.”(Montague).
“Super Power” Defined
The measure of a super power is based on the a nations ability to project sustained show of Military , Economic and cultural strength in various theaters while maintain domestic political and economic stability and growth as defines Alice Laymen Miller a professor at the Navel Post graduate University .She is also the Author of the novel of Science and Dissent in Post Mao-China .
One must define Counter-insurgency and its purpose in relation to US aims as (COIN) . Modern Counterinsurgency based on the US Field Manual 3-24 as the need to protect civilians populations , eliminate insurgent leaders, and infrastructure, and final the establishment of a viable friendly host nation government that able to deliver the basic and essential human needs consistently .
The Blue Print
One must avoid military imperialism which seeks to maintain power within the status quo by establishing and expanding upon territory. Montague is quoted “the nation that starts war for imperialistic ends may gain an empire and keep it” or it may “gain it and, in the process of trying to gain still more lose it.” This tactic was the hallmark of the Soviet Union. It military dominance of Eastern Europe and Central Asia expanded its reach and bolstered its military projection
A state to establish stability must exercise economic imperialism seeks to establish external economic ties that can used to influence the internal polices of sovereign neighbor states. It can also be used to buy support in the international community to further a nations states ability to grow it own economy. MG describes it as “less obtrusive and also generally less effective than the military variety is, as a rational method of gaining power, a product of modern times” this is a tactic developed by the US in 20th Centaury and has been adopted by The Peoples Republic of China towards the West and the developing world.
The United States must use it unique ability to implement cultural imperialism seeks change the fabric of a nations states culture and traditions thereby changing the internal polices and social norms. The idea is to change the social status quo thus changing the political and economic norms. MG is quoted as saying “the typical role cultural imperialism plays in modern times is subsidiary to its other methods.” Toward that end, it “softens up the enemy” and “prepares the ground for military conquest and economic penetration.”