Cutting edge technologies have developed large ideas that are the ground work for project planning and implementing. One of the greatest accomplishments in technology was the invention of the computer. The invention of the computer began as mechanical calculating machines developed in the 1600’s. The French mathematician, Blaise Pascal used rotating toothed wheels to perform adding routines. In 1830, an English mathematician named Charles Babbage developed an idea for a mechanical digital computer. The analytical engine was an idea that contained the basic elements of an automatic computer and was designed to perform complicated calculations. The computer was unable to be constructed because technology of the time was not advanced and Babbage lacked funding. In the mid 1800’s George Boolean developed a system that developed logical statements in the form of symbols to be used in a way similar to algebra. The system was called Boolean algebra and was later used to design switching circuits for the arithmetic and logic functions of computers. The first reliable analog computer was built in 1930 by Vannevar Bush. The machine was called the differential analyzer and was developed for solving differential equations. In 1939, an American mathematician and physicist named John V. Atansoff constructed the first semi-electric computing device. In 1944 another early form of a digital computer called the Mark I, which was controlled mainly by electromechanical relays or switching devices. In 1946, J. Presper Eckert Jr. and John W. Mauchly built the first fully electronic computer called the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer). With the development of a number code system by John Von Newman, the first stored program digital computer EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) was invented. A more advanced version of the ENIAC system called the UNIVAC I (Universal Automatic Computer) was developed I 1951 and became a more advanced electronic digital computer. The innovation of the transistor in 1947 and other solid-state devices in the 1950’s and 1960’s helped make computers faster and more reliable. These computers are considered “second generation” and are smaller and less expensive with logic circuits controlled by transistors and magnetic core memory units. “Third generation” computers can carry out instructions at speeds in nanoseconds. These computers used integrated circuits to speed computer and mainframe processes. The major breakthrough of the 1970’s was the development of the microprocessor used in pocket sized microcomputers and portable terminals. The development of faster and efficient computing tasks has allowed technology to grow in another advancement area, called computer networking. Computer networking can be considered one of the greatest accomplishments in computer innovation with the development of communication between two computers, a small development of communication between two companies and a small scale and communication between multinational corporation on a large scale (Computer, 919-920).
“Computers.” World Book Encyclopedia, Volume 4., (1988).
This is part 1 of bachelor study in computer "Corporate Hardware and Software Innovations" written by Timothy Walker BSCS