Hypertension can result from either hyperthyroidism or kidney failure, or be a principal disease. Left untreated, hypertension can lead to seizures, impaired vision and disorientation. Treatment of the main cause and use of oral medication can manage hypertension.
Hyperthyroidism is very common in senor cats. It is typically the consequence of benign growth(s) on a cat's thyroid gland(s). The thyroid glands produce hormones that have an effect on general metabolism and organ function all through the body. Thyroid growths are the root an overproduction of these hormones. Disproportionate hormone levels can cause your feline to lose weight even though he/she has an insatiable appetite. Rapid heart rates, vomiting, arrhythmia, and diarrhea are some of the other signals a hyperthyroid cat may show signs of. Diagnosing this disorder can be accomplished with a simple blood test. Treatment options encompass suppressing the thyroid with medication to surgical removal of the overactive tissue, to radiation treatment.
Cancer in many forms occur in cats, and cancer can also be found anywhere in the body. External tumors may be easily seen, but internal tumors can be difficult to find. Cancer is always a concern in senior cats who are gradually losing weight but seem normal in other ways. X-rays, Blood tests, endoscopy, ultrasound, or exploratory surgery may be needed to make a diagnosis cancer. Each type of canner responds in special ways to treatment, therefore a biopsy is needed to conclude the exact cell type. Cancer treatments range from surgery to radiation to chemotherapy.
Kidney Failure is another common ailment. The kidneys are accountable for producing urine, filtering the blood and maintaining water and electrolyte balance in the body. When kidneys start to fail, a cat's body is not able to maintain electrolyte balance and hydration Cats with renal failure have a propensity to drink more water than usual, urinate more recurrently, and lose weight. Since the kidneys cannot repair themselves, treatment is targeted at slowing down the degenerative process and controlling some secondary problems such as constipation, anemia, and dental disease.
Dental Disease and infected gums are also common place in senior felines... Bacteria can spread from their mouths internally and affect other organ function.
Diabetes Mellitus occurs when a cat eats and the food is metabolized into glucose which enters the blood. Glucose then triggers the pancreas to release insulin into the blood stream. This permits the transport of the glucose into cells, thus nourishing the body. If a cat cannot get glucose into his/her cells, the body begins to starve. This is reason why diabetic cats characteristically have ravenous appetites. They are inclined to drink more water, urinate repeatedly, and display signs of weight loss. Diabetes is common in male cats, but is seen in females as well. Management of diabetes usually involves feeding kitty a special diet and giving insulin injections.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a difficulty that affects the lining of the stomach and/or the intestines. Felines with IBD classically have vomiting and/or diarrhea that do not act in response to conventional remedies. To accurately diagnose IBD, biopsies of the stomach and intestine are required Biopsies can be accomplished through the use of an endoscope or through exploratory surgery. Treatment for IBD engrosses reducing inflammation and controlling infection, typically with long-term medication. The diagnosis for cats with IBD is good, however in some cats; IBD develops in some cats to a type of cancer called intestinal lymphosarcoma.
Keep a close eye on precious senior cat.