(Columbia County, FL.) -- Columbia County released it’s March 2010 Local Mitigation Strategy Draft and it is now available for download at the County’s web-site: (Click here to download the full report.)
In it’s introduction the report points out that since the early 1990s the United States has incurred large increases in the cost of disaster response and recovery; as a result the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the United States Congress have provided funds to communities, counties, and states to reduce impacts from natural disasters through hazard mitigation.
FEMA’s focus has broadened to incorporate mitigation as the foundation of emergency management rather than placing primary emphasis on response and recovery. Changes in Federal laws have resulted in predisaster mitigation project funding and mitigation planning requirements.
The report states that on October 30, 2000 The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA2K) was signed into law. DMA2K says that if States and local governments do not have approved multi-hazard mitigation plans in place and a disaster occurs, they will not be entitled to Public Assistance and other FEMA funding. The following is a summary of the parts of DMA2K that pertain to local governments:
? The Act establishes a new requirement for local governments to prepare a Hazard Mitigation Plan through Pre and Post-Disaster grant programs.
? The Act establishes a requirement that natural hazards such as tornadoes, floods, and wildfires, be addressed in the risk and vulnerability assessment section of the Hazard Mitigation Plan.
? The Act authorizes states to receive up to seven percent of Hazard Mitigation Grant Program funds after a federal disaster. Those funds are to be used for development of state and local Hazard Mitigation Plan.
? In addition, local jurisdictions must review and revise its plan to reflect changes in development, progress in local mitigation efforts, and changes in priorities, and resubmit it for approval within 5 years from date of FEMA approval to remain eligible for the
mitigation project grant funding.
The main goal of the local mitigation strategy says the report is to identify and assess risks and vulnerabilities associated with various natural disasters the County might face, and then develop local strategies to reduce the impact of future disasters.
The report is available for download at the county’s web-site. (Click here to download the full report.)