The most famous was probably General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson (CSA), who lost an arm to amputation following the battle at Chancellorsville. His surgeon, Dr. Hunter McGuire, removed his left arm. Jackson’s arm was buried. Jackson died several days later. His body was buried in Lexington, Virginia, at a different location than his arm.
The same surgeon amputated the leg of Confederate General Richard Stoddard Ewell following his wounds at the battle at Groverton, Virginia in August 1861. Of interest of General Ewell, he was shot in the leg again at Gettysburg on June 3, with the bullet imbedding in his artificial leg.
Union General Daniel Sickles was wounded at Gettysburg in July 1863. Sickles’ leg was amputated. What is a bit strange about Sickles is that he donated his lost limb to the Army Medical Museum in Washington, and then proceeded to visit his lost limb each year on the anniversary of his loss.
Rebel General John Bell Hood was hit twice by Minie balls at the battle of Chickamauga. The surgeon who amputated Hood’s leg was so sure that General Hood would die that he sent Hood’s lost leg in the wagon thinking that they would be buried together. Hood survived.
General Oliver O. Howard, USA, lost his arm to amputation following his wounding at the battle at Seven Pines, Virginia in June, 1862.
Perhaps the most unlucky general of the war was Brigadier General Francis T. Nicholls, CSA. General Nicholls had his left arm amputated at the battle of First Winchester. At the battle of Chancellorsville, he was wounded in the left foot, requiring an additional amputation.
While many line soldiers eventually were fitting with artificial legs by the government following the war, several of the officers preferred to carry on after the conflict by displaying an empty sleeve or pant leg, believed to have been a badge of sacrifice of the war.
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