The one child policy in China often creates heated emotions among families who want more than one child. However, following through with this desire can be costly. International Business Times reported on Sept. 27, 2013, "China's One-Child Policy: Lucrative Revenue Source For Provincial Governments." The normal desire of the Chinese to have more than one child has been providing a lot of money in fines to provincial and local governments.
It has been reported that 19 province level governments in China collected $2.7 billion in fines during the last year alone from parents who were in violation of the one child per couple policy. In fact China recently celebrated the 33rd anniversary of the one child policy that was started in 1980 and that limits most urban couples to have just one child, and rural residents to two children.
Forbes has reported, "Enforcement Of One-Child Policy Targets 'The Rich And Famous' In Zhangzhou, China." The Family Planning Commission of Zhangzhou targets wealthy and well known people, which is defined as those whose income is twice the local average, representatives of the People’s Congress and Political Consultative Conference, and entrepreneurs.
The amount of fines, which are known as “social compensation fees”, is traditionally pegged in relation to the average disposable income of the locality, which was less than $3,500 per
person in Zhangzhou in 2011. The Commission has announced a RMB 10,000 cash reward, which is about roughly $1,600, for citizens who report famous and wealthy one child policy violators whose cases are later verified.
And those who handle a case where the subject is fined greater than RMB 500,000, or about $81,000, are given extra points in their annual evaluation. A cadre’s chance of promotion is evaluated with these points. This all sounds like a terrible situation for families in China who would like to have a lot of children.