On Thursday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated that “estimates that 1 in 68 children (or 14.7 per 1,000 eight-year-olds) in the United States has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a surveillance summary report, “Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder among Children Aged 8 Years- Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2010.” www.cdc.gov
The study released yesterday also stated the “new estimate is roughly 30 percent higher than previous estimates reported in 2012 of 1 in 88 children (11.3 per 1,000 eight year olds) being identified with an autism spectrum disorder. The number of children identified with ASD ranged from 1 in 175 children in Alabama to 1 in 45 children in New Jersey.” www.cdc.gov
According to the CDC the new report shows that there is an increase of 30% since the last report in 2008. Then the estimates were 1 in 88 children were identified as autistic. The CDC states that the reason for the increase except that it could be due to children being better identified and diagnosed.
The report also states that boys are affected more often than girls. The results showed that 1 in 42 boys were affected, whereas girls were effected at the rate of 1 in 189. The report also showed there is also different rates of autism reports among different races and ethnicity. The report states, “the estimated prevalence among white children (15.8 per 1,000) was significantly greater than that among black (12.3 per 1,000) and Hispanic children (10.8 per 1,000)” www.cdc.gov
The new estimate is based on the CDC's evaluation of the health and educational records of all 8-year-old children in 11 states: Alabama, Wisconsin, Colorado, Missouri, Georgia, Arkansas, Arizona, Maryland, North Carolina, Utah and New Jersey.
One thing that hasn't changed over the years, is that children are still being diagnosed later than what they could be. . According to the report, the average age of diagnosis is still over age 4, even though autism can be diagnosed by age 2. The earlier a child is diagnosed with autism, the better their chances of overcoming the difficulties that come with the disorder.
Children with the most extreme form of autism are withdrawn, speak little, avoid eye contact and engage in repetitive actions. Milder forms, such as Asperger’s syndrome, are now considered to fall along the autism spectrum. In the past, children with Asperger’s, for example, might have been considered peculiar and abnormal but not suffering from a disorder. The findings show autism is far more common than people once believed and so it’s important to get kids diagnosed and into therapy as earlyas possible.
The findings also show that show autism most likely starts in pregnancy, and the experts say the data demonstrate that children need to get help as early as possible, even as babies, when their brains are still developing so that the attention that is needed is provided.