When it comes to feeding your parakeet, make sure that you provide an appropriate diet. The seed mixture you supply should be made exclusively for parakeets. You should never feed it a seed mixture meant for another type of bird, these foods are made specifically for the nutritional needs of such species.
Keep clean water and fresh food available for them at all times. Change food and water daily and provide supplements to their diet such as fresh fruits and veggies, when possible. However, do a little research before feeding your parakeet any type of fruit or vegetable. Some safe healthy treats are strawberries, grapes, apples, and carrots.
Always avoid fruits and vegetables that can be toxic for your pet. Some of these toxic foods are avocados, raw onions, rhubarb, fruit seeds and pits. Giving your parakeets the mentioned foods can be fatal. Also, stay away from processed and sugary foods meant for human consumption.
It’s always nice to give your parakeet an occasional treat to keep them happy and busy. You can find treats such as orange glazed seed sticks with fruit and a variety of other flavors at your local pet store.
The bird cage or habitat you choose should be big enough for your parakeet, allowing enough space for the bird to move freely. Avoid cages with arched tops, a rectangular cage, will allow your pet to climb more comfortably. Space out the perches and provide it with a variety of ladders and swings so that it can jump and climb, this will keep their fingers and wings strong.
Allow enough wing space so that the bird can flap its wings to reach perches easily.
The cage should also be clear of any hazards, avoid any toys that can get tangled or can trap your parakeet.
Choose a bird cage that has a pull- out grille to place on top of tray; this will keep your bird from getting to the empty hulls, old seeds, and feces at the bottom of its cage. The tray should be washed weekly, paper replaced, and old treats or uneaten removed from cage.
Do not use air products such as scented and even unscented cleaning products, candles, incense, sprays and deodorizers around your parakeets. Other products with harsh chemical odors, such as shoe and nail polish as well as paint should always be avoided. Using these products around your parakeet can result in its death.
Generally it is safer to keep your parakeet in its cage, allowing it to fly around the house can be dangerous. They can get tangled in window curtains, fly into walls, windows, ceiling fans, and open flames.
Also, keep your parakeet away from other house pets that can attack it, such as cats or even some dogs.
A bored parakeet can become depressed and can result to self plucking and other destructive behavior so keep them busy with interesting and challenging toys. Supply your parakeet with enough toys to keep them busy and help them stay active and alert. Every once and a while, add new toys and change out toys they are disinterested in.
It is recommended to keep parakeets in pairs. Parakeets are extremely social birds, if you only have one parakeet it may develop behavioral issues, so finding it a pair is the ideal solution to the problem. If you choose to only have one parakeet, make sure to interact with them daily.
Parakeets, though not as noisy as most other domestic birds, do like to chirp so keep the birds in a room where they will be allowed to express themselves freely.
Parakeets can suffer from a number of ailments. Common illnesses include Aspergillosis, Candidiasis, diarrhea, thyroid gland enlargement, Pacheco’s Disease and psittacosis.
If you see any signs of illness such as runny stools, lethargy, weight loss, poor appetite, runny eyes or nose, take your parakeet to the Veterinarian for treatment.
Also, if you have a female parakeet, you may be surprised to hear that they usually lay at least one egg in their lifetime, even without a mate. This egg would be unfertilized, so don’t expect it to hatch.
During the egg laying process, place your parakeet’s cage in a warm and quiet room; keep your parakeet under close observation. Female parakeets may experience egg binding, which is dangerous and can result in death. If your parakeet strains for more than an hour to lay the egg consult an avian vet immediately.
By keeping your parakeets’ nutrition, habitat, safety, enrichment, and health in mind and providing it with the things it needs to be in good physical, mental, and emotional shape, you can keep your pet happy, and healthy, giving it a good start in life.