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Caring for cats with gastroenteritis

Be a good cat caregiver
Karla Kirby

Heightened vomiting and diarrhea are distinguished by a sudden commencement and short duration of less than two to three weeks. Acute vomiting, a spontaneous effect action that results in the forceful ejection of gastric and/or duodenal contents through the mouth, and diarrhea, an augment in fecal water content with an accompanying increase in the regularity, volatility, or volume of bowel movements, are both tremendously common in the cat.

A sporadic bout of vomiting and diarrhea is quite ordinary in cats however, acute, severe, vomiting and diarrhea is not typical, and can be linked to life threatening illnesses. It can cause acid-base imbalance, excessive fluid loss, and electrolyte disturbance.

Be sure to watch out for, dehydration, depression, lethargy, a continuation or worsening of vomiting and diarrhea greater than two days, and the presence of blood in the vomit or stool

The main causes of this condition are dietary intolerance, dietary indiscretion, infectious agents---viral, bacterial or parasitic, toxics or medications, metabolic disorders such as liver and kidney disease, hypoadrenocorticism and diabetes mellitus, obstruction
blockage (intussusception) which is telescoping of the bowel into itself; foreign bodies and masses/tumors, abdominal disorder in the peritonitis, pancreatitis, pyometra, prostatitis, and sepsis, inflammatory bowel disease, stress, gastroduodenal ulcers, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, and gastrointestinal lymphosarcoma which is cancer.

Many cases of acute vomiting and diarrhea are passing, resolve without problems and do not necessitate an extensive diagnostic evaluation. Diagnostics should be performed on those cats that are having severe vomiting and diarrhea, are show signs of other systemic signs of illness, or whenever the vomitus or stool contains blood. These tests can include:
Multiple fecal examinations complete blood count (CBC), resting thyroid (T4) level in cats older than six,, biochemical profile, urinalysis, abdominal radiographs (X-rays)
Feline leukemia and feline immunodeficiency virus in all cats

There are several things your veterinarian might advocate to treat your feline symptomatically. The primary goals of symptomatic therapy are to restore and maintain fluid and electrolyte imbalances and to completely rest the gastrointestinal tract. This may include drugs that coat and sooth the GI tract, fluid and electrolyte therapy, drugs that symptomatically stop diarrhea and vomiting and nothing orally for several hours, with a measured introduction of water followed by a bland diet

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