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Cairo University archaeologists discover tomb dating back to 1100 B.C.

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On Thursday, Egypt’s Antiquities Minister Mohamed Ibrahim said archaeologists with Cairo University have discovered a tomb that will reportedly provide researchers with new information about a particular burial site.

The tomb is believed to date back to 1100 B.C. and was found on the ancient burial ground of Saqqara, which is located about 20 miles south of Cairo. Saqqara once served as the necropolis for the ancient city of Memphis and is home to the famous stepped Pyramid of Djoser, also known as Egypt’s first stone pyramid.

The person housed in the tomb is said to have been a guard of the army archives named Paser who also served as a royal ambassador to foreign countries. Detailed inscriptions of Paser’s funeral procession and afterlife were found inside the tomb, plus colored images portraying his wife, children, and Osiris, god of the afterlife. In addition to the entrance and main burial room, the structure also includes a hallway and three rooms that served as sanctuaries.

According to TIME, Ibrahim said the discovery adds “a chapter to our knowledge about the history of Saqqara.”

The site lies not too far from another tomb found in the university’s previous excavation season in 2010. That tomb dates back to the same time period and was the final resting place of army head and royal scribe Ptahmes.

In 2011, both Saqqara and Luxor were looted amid protests that broke out in Cairo's Tahrir Square. A collection of 35 antiquities from Saqqara, including several statuettes, were recovered by police after finding them buried in the sand. They had presumably been hidden so the thieves could return at a later date and carry them off.

That year also brought a massive discovery when a team from Wales’ Cardiff University excavated the Dog Catacombs and uncovered the remains of an estimated eight million animals. The Dog Catacombs date back to 747-730 B.C. and were dedicated to Anubis, the god associated with mummification and the afterlife who had the head of a jackal.



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