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Bed bugs continue to plague the Sacramento area

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Sacramento apartments and hotels have a bed bug problem, according to the site, "Sacramento CA Bed Bug Hotel and Apartment Reports." At the site you can check out the latest bed bug reports in Sacramento, California. Bed bugs: They check in, but they don't check out...because you're there to bite in the dark.

Are bed bugs moving from one apartment to another through the vents that connect apartments or rooms? Smoke can get through as well as bugs and microbes. But when it comes to bed bugs, these critters can survive freezing temperatures, but cold can still kill them.

A new study has found that bed bugs may be less susceptible to freezing temperatures than previously reported, but given adequate time and cold enough temperatures, freezing can still be an effective means of control, according to the December 8, 2013 news release, "Bed bugs can survive freezing temperatures, but cold can still kill them."

The new study's article, "Cold Tolerance of Bed Bugs and Practical Recommendations for Control," is published in the Journal of Economic Entomology. In that article, the authors describe how exposing bed bugs to freezing temperatures affects them, and they provide practical recommendations for management of potentially infested items.

Exposing bed bug-infested clothing or other small items to freezing temperatures may be a viable control option for people at risk of bed bug infestations. However, a new study has found that bed bugs may be less susceptible to freezing temperatures than previously reported. (Some people use deep steam cleaning with very hot steam to get rid of bed bugs in baseboards and crevices.)

Freezing them may not get rid of bed bugs

Bed bugs, like many other insects, use a "freeze-intolerant" strategy against the cold, meaning they attempt to protect themselves from freeze injury by lowering the freezing point of their body fluids. For this study, the researchers evaluated the supercooling point (SCP) and the lower lethal temperature (LLT) for all life stages of bed bugs, as well as their potential to feed after exposure to sublethal temperatures.

The authors found that in order to achieve 100% mortality, a minimum exposure time of 80 hours at minus 16 degrees celcius is required for all life stages. Temperatures below minus 15 degrees celcius are sufficient to control all life stages of bed bugs after 3.5 days, while temperatures below minus 20 degrees celcius require only 48 hours. They also observed bed bug eggs surviving in short-term exposures to temperatures as low as minus 25 degrees celcius.

Homeowners can place bed bug-infested items in a freezer to destroy them. However, the authors recommend that the items be placed in plastic bags and that they remain in the freezer for 2-4 days, depending on the freezer's temperature. Also you might wish to check out the Entomological Society of America.

Bed bug issues in Sacramento

This also is a current problem long suffered in Sacramento and San Francisco, bed-bug infestation in hotels and apartment complexes. Are bed bug detection dogs visiting the hotel rooms? See the CBS Sacramento site, "Bedbugs Infest Stockton Low-Income Housing." Last April 11, 2013, CBS news reports noted that a low-income senior housing complex in Stockton is overrun by bedbugs, and some residents say this isn’t the first time it’s happened in their homes. That news report concluded that the housing authority says it will continue to investigate these bed bug complaints and will spray again.

Some hotels don't believe you when you experience them as the cleaning personnel work in the daytime when most bed bugs hide in the crevices and cracks from the light switches to the radio and clocks in a hotel room or between the box springs and mattress or head board and box springs. The bugs come out just before dawn, bite for 15 minutes, and return to their hiding places. Bed bug infestations are not usually observed in daylight by cleaning personnel, but the guests may get bitten at night.

Some convention-goers were fearful in the run-up to the convention, and state officials and exterminators said bedbug reports have been on the uptick in and around the Queen City, according to the September 4, 2012 news article, "Bedbugs an increasing concern at DNC hotels - Washington Times." Check out the video, How to Detect Bedbugs while Traveling.

The Charlotte-Center City Holiday Inn, welcoming the Illinois delegation, "has been reported three times since March by Web users whose complaints included finding bugs 'in clear sight' and ending up 'covered in bites' after a one-night stay," according to the September 4, 2012 news article, "Bedbugs an increasing concern at DNC hotels - Washington Times." That article also reports that "of the hotels expected to host convention delegates, the most complaints were aimed at the Charlotte Marriott City Center, where five reports have been posted since July 2011."

Bedbugs at Sacramento hotels and private homes: Getting rid of the insects

Locally, Sacramento and one of its suburbs, Carmichael also have been reported as being overrun by bedbugs. See the sites, " Bedbug Infestation, CBS Sacramento," and "Stockton Woman’s Home Overrun By Bedbugs." Bedbugs can get on your clothes just by sitting or putting a purse or briefcase on bus or train benches or park benches. Then you bring them into your house. See, Bed Bugs on Buses and Subways: Public Transit. A so-called "dry vapor" steam cleaner helps get rid of bedbugs that hide beneath the cracks of your baseboard.

The water is heated to more than 200 degrees F, and steam vapors come out when you release the 'trigger' on this steam cleaner. See the site, Vapamore Steam Cleaner (for getting rid of bed bugs).

The device doesn't suck up the dirt from the floor. it blows hot steam vapor into corners or using a microfiber pad, across your floor. Test the floor area to make sure it won't discolor, get mushy, or dissolve with the hot steam.

Learn the signs of bedbug infestation and how to clear these pests from your home. See the Everyday Health site. Also see the Entire Photo Gallery. Who brought the bedbugs to Sacramento, Stockton, and Carmichael? San Francisco recently had a major bedbug infestation as did New York City.

Bedbugs infest classrooms at various schools

They can get onto a computer, briefcase, purse, or your clothing. See, Bed Bugs in Class: School Infestations. Bed bugs invaded Cincinnati, Ohio, elementary schools so severely last year students now have to regularly seal their book bags and coats in airtight bags upon arrival every day. You can pick up bedbugs sitting in a movie theater. See, Blockbuster Bed Bugs: Movie Theaters.

Check out the August 31, 2010 Sacramento Bee article, "Bedbugs' comeback has scientists scratching heads." The Sacramento Bee carried the reprint of this article by Donald G. MacNeil, Jr, New York Times.

Also see, FOXNews.com - NYC Looks to Halt Massive Bedbug Infestation. In Sacramento, for solutions to this problem, check out the "Bedbugger Forum." Also check out the site, Home Remedies for Bed Bugs • Grandma's Home Remedies.

Bedbug forums

The Bedbugger Forum site recounts the plight of someone visiting a really nice bed and breakfast place on the California coast that looked really clean. Bed bugs can hide in your cell phone or notebook computer, for example where you can't use heat to get rid of the bugs.

They also hide in purse, wallets, and pockets. You won't see them on the clean sheets of motels and cruise ships, but watch for tiny specks of blood on the sheets after the first night when you're being bitten, but don't yet realize it.

Weeks later, the person started itching from bedbugs brought into a Sacramento home that previously didn't have them. The bed and breakfast looked clean. But the red flag signs in the hotel were were blood specks on sheets after first night and bites after second night.

Individual did everything right after returning home. The individual discarded all dirty clothes in a big plastic bag and put the closed suitcase on the rack off the floor, but the individual still ended up bringing home bed bugs.

It's not only your luggage where bugs can hide

Bed bugs are tiny enough to hide in the crevices and cracks of your camera, camcorder, hairdryer, laptop computer, or similar devices. And you can't toss your camera into a hot clothes dryer.

Don't dump your camera or cell phone, laptop computer, or other mobile device on your bed when you first return home. It has to be taken apart and cleaned with alcohol or other chemicals suitable to cleaning cameras, laptops, and camcorders.

Bring Only What Can Be Put in a Dryer

At Sacramento State University, bedbugs have been making a comeback. There's an article online as a PDF file that tells students at CSUS to check out their dorm rooms for bedbugs. See, Taking a Bite Out of Bed Bugs.

Bed bugs are making a comeback nation-wide, according to the CSUS article. In Sacramento, the CSUS residence halls are thoroughly cleaned after May move-out and again before August move-in. Should there be a case of bed bugs in the residence halls the primary method of infestation is usually by transmission of bugs to campus though the use of none University used furniture and other sources such as back packs.

Due to significant health and safety reasons, stu-dents are “encouraged” not to bring the following items to campus: Any upholstered furniture, including futons Any personal desk chairs Any pillows, cushions or bean bags, that are too large to fit in a dryer.

Students are encouraged to bring: Pillows, cushions, bean bags that can fit into a dryer. Before bringing the above items students are en-couraged to pre-treat any cush-ions, pillows, bean bags, duffel bags, book bags, and soft-sided suitcases prior to bringing them into the residence.

How are bedbugs brought onto Sacramento campuses?
While bedbugs are generally not carried on your person, they can be transported in personal possessions such as bedding, suitcases, backpacks, boxes, and furniture, according to the CSUS article on bedbugs. The point is don't bring in anything to a dormitory or bring home from your latest travels or cruise anything that can't be put into your dryer at a high temperature (more than 113 degrees F.)

Don't dump your luggage in your bedroom. Put your luggage or back packs when you come home from a trip in your garage or other room where you can put it in your dryer or similar heat source to get rid of any bed bugs you encountered in transit or in your prior place of residence, such as a hotel/motel/or campsite.

Cities in the midst of a bedbug infestation

San Francisco and New York are in the midst of a bed bug infestation. So are many other American cities. You have the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Environmental Protection Agency putting out joint statements on bedbug control. But who's doing something about it? Are people bringing the bedbugs back from hotels in luggage? Who let the bedbugs out in Sacramento?

The government gives advice. If the bedbugs are small enough to hide in the cracks and crevices of your light switches and you've vacuumed, the next step is to seal all the crevices in your room. Otherwise heat can get rid of those bugs, if you don't want to use the usual chemicals. Or you could have the exterminator freeze the bugs.

Bedbug research still is limited

The bugs went away for 40 years. But now they're back with a vengeance. They don't spread disease. So they've been overlooked. But they do bite and create an itchy rash on your body. Bedbugs are parasites feeding on bats and cave birds. They also feed on your blood.

If you're allergic to the bite you can go into anaphylactic shock and die. But that's rare as not too many people are highly allergic to the bite. But some are.

And that's a problem why scientists aren't doing more to get rid of the bedbugs before somebody severely allergic meets up with the biting bug. You don't want to breathe dust in your bedroom full of bedbug feces.

If you have asthma, you could get an attack from breathing the molted shells. You're more likely to get an allergic reaction than a viral or bacterial disease from bedbugs.

Scientists still insist bedbugs are cleaner than other bugs. That's no help if you're allergic to them. Interestingly bedbugs fed the AIDS virus didn't transmit it. The virus died in the bugs' bodies. But bedbugs can retain hepatitis B virus for weeks.

The only experiments was on chimps. The bugs bit chimpanzees, but the infection didn't take. That doesn't mean much because no human was bit by a bedbug full of hepatitis B virus. So the experiment can only be discussed in relation to chimps. That's why you have to get rid of the bedbugs in your house or hotel.

Bedbugs and parasites

Bedbugs did transfer the Chagas parasite from a wild mouse to a lab mouse, though. So don't assume bedbugs are really that clean. You could check out the Internet for various recipes on how to get rid of bedbugs. See the site, Home Remedies for Bed Bugs • Grandma's Home Remedies.

In Sacramento, no matter how clean your house or hotel is, the bed bugs would feed on blood, not on crumbs or dirt. The bugs seek out places where warm-blooded individuals are present. This is why places, such as hospitals, hotels, motels, inns, and cruise ships are perfect living quarters for a bed bug.

Bedbugs in used books and clothing

Did you bring bed bugs back to Sacramento after your latest cruise or hotel stay? Maybe you picked them up in a used book (rare) or in used clothing? Or did you get them from exercise equipment at a gym? Some people complain of catching herpes by sitting on exercise equipment at some gyms wearing shorts instead of long trousers, slacks, jeans, or leggings. Why not bed bugs as well, body crabs, or head lice?

You could have picked up bed bugs from almost anywhere you've sat or traveled, even an airplane, bus, or train seat or head rest. Call a professional exterminator to freeze or heat the bugs. Here are some home remedies that can help if you're not able to afford professional extermination processes or can't find an exterminator that doesn't use a chemical you don't want in your home:

Rubbing Alcohol

Spray rubbing alcohol where bed bugs thrive may contain the problem by killing some on contact. Don't forget the crevices behind your light switches on your wall. That's where they hide. Turn off your electricity first.

Fruit and Vegetable Insecticides

Some insecticides made up mostly of pyrethrins and canola oil are sometimes used by those who wish to lay down a home remedy that is safer for children and pets.

Steam Treatments

Some 'nonchemical' pest control companies use steam treatments to deal with mattresses and other pieces of upholstered furniture. While very limited effectiveness is associated with this type of remedy, it shows great promise in treating items with less than ½ inch of penetration. At home, one may use small steam cleaners to care for their mattresses and other bedding selections.

Dry Heat

Place non-launderable items in the dryer. When an average clothes dryer is run for five minutes at low, medium or high heat, they generate temperatures of about 140, 150 and 180 degrees (respectively). It is believed that when drying a bundle of infected clothes, high temperatures are able to kill bed bugs. It is suggested to run the dryer for more than 20 minutes.

Hot Sun

Temperatures more than 113 degrees are said to kill bed bugs. Wash and dry clothing and linens at high temperatures. Hang your bedding and clothes in the sun if you live in an area such as certain areas of California, Nevada, and Arizona in the summer, where the temperature in the sun exceeds 113 degrees. Or find a way to heat your clothing and bedding to more than 113 degrees.

The best way to use heat or freezing is to get a professional extermination company to do this for you. But if you can't afford professional companies' services, try the dry heat method with clothing and the rubbing alcohol method in the crevices and cracks of your walls, if the bedbugs are limited to your bedroom.

Also check out your purse, tote bags, and luggage. Bed bugs are tiny. Use a magnifying glass

Safety comes first when you travel with your family. It's important to carry with you a portable or pocket-sized carbon monoxide detection device. You can buy a tiny one to bring with you to any hotel to make sure that carbon monoxide is not seeping into your room from a closed store in a neighboring building. Or you can be sure the heater in the room works well without carbon monoxide fumes. See a few of these pocket-sized or portable CO detectors at Amazon.com. Safety first.

How infested is Sacramento when it comes to bedbugs in hotels and apartment complexes? Do you need to travel with a bed-bug detection dog? Need to buy a bed bug detection dog? See the site, Bed Bug Detection Dogs. If you're traveling this holiday season, you should know that many hotels in California are full of bed bugs. Sometimes you can't see the bugs and they get into your luggage, clothing, or crevices of your shoes or other garments. See the uTube video, "How to detect bedbugs while traveling."

Just putting a purse or wallet on the bed invites bed bugs to enter

These bugs are so small they hide in the electrical switch crevices between the wall and the switch. So before you register, check the Bed Bug Registry to see which hotels have passed the bed bug inspection recently. See the website, Bed bug Registry. This site shows the hotels in various cities and states that have bedbugs and those that don't at the time of inspection.

In 2010, a bedbug-detecting dog named Barney signaled which container had live bed bugs during a demonstration at the Bed Bug University North American Summit 2010 on September 22, 2010 in Rosemont, Illinois. The two-day conference of bed bug experts and pest control workers featured seminars from researchers and vendors displaying the latest products focused on bedbug detection, elimination and prevention.

If you're traveling this holiday season, especially with children, you should know that many hotels and inns in California are full of bed bugs. Sometimes you can't see the bugs and they get into your luggage, clothing, or crevices of your shoes or other garments. Just putting a purse on the bed invites bed bugs to enter. Bugs may get into children's clothing or hair.

These bugs are so small they hide in the electrical switch crevices between the wall and the switch. So before you register, check the Bed Bug Registry to see which hotels have passed the bed bug inspection recently. You can check the hotels in any city or state with the Bed Bug Registry.

For example, the Bed Bug Registry found 10 hotels in Sacramento with bed bugs. See the Bed Bug Registry for Sacramento hotels. Maybe you want to find out whether an apartment complex has or had bed bugs and has been inspected. Sites you may want to look at include the 2010 apartment complex bedbug report. Various apt. complex bed bug reports also are online if you 'Google' the address of the complex and search for bed bug inspections of prior years. Also for Sacramento, check out the 2010 report, Bed Bug Report for Doubletree Sacramento - Bedbug Registry.

Understand that bedbug reports posted for 2010 don't apply to 2011, assuming the establishment, hotel, inn, or apartment complex got rid of the bugs right after the inspection. So check out the latest reports and find out the date of the inspection.

Just pick the city and state you're planning to visit. Or check out apartment complexes before you go apartment hunting to see which had bed bugs and whether the inspection resulted in a quick clean up and no recent re-infestation. Check the date on the latest inspections.

Bed bug registry

See the website, Bed bug Registry. For other cities and states, go to the Bed bug Registry--National. Just put in the city and state, and you'll get a report on which hotels passed the inspection. For example, if you're going to San Francisco, check out the Sheraton hotel at the wharf has had no bed bug reports or complaints. This is one of my favorite hotels, and it is exceptionally clean and comfortable.

So, check out any city and state by looking up the name of the hotel, and you'll get a report or a message that there have never been any complaints about bed bugs. Before you travel, check out the Bed bug registry. Convention time and the last warm month of the season are such that so many people travel, and the last thing you want is to take home bed bugs in your luggage or clothing. Also a double-sided sticky tape may help prevent bed bugs from invading your bed. Also, you may wish to check out the YouTube video, "Bed Sized Bed Bug Trap; People Release CO2 as Lure; Best CO2."

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