If you are a child or adult and you want to apply for refugee status in the United States, the process begins by filling out a form when you are still in your home country. If you are a child, an adult would have to help with that, and probably legal counsel. The chances are you can’t afford the process and it won’t do any good anyway.
As for a child trying to seek asylum, just consider the two main criteria:
- You are being persecuted
- The reasons you are being persecuted are: your race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or your political opinion
Kids don’t have political opinions. They may be members of various sects, but that is not why kids are trying to leave Central American countries. They simply want a better way of life.
If they are endangered, then their appeal must be to their government. Therein lies the problem. If the nation state can’t care properly for its children, than the government needs to appeal for assistance. Now, it is clear that certain governments are overwhelmed with a problem and that is where U.S. and other nation foreign policy must intervene to address the needs on home turf.
Fleeing is not the answer.
The Obama administration and the U.S. State Department are asleep at the switch again. Their plates are filled with urgent things to do. Delegating to a qualified staff is essential. If professionals are doing their jobs, including Congress, not every issue would become a crisis as it is now.
The reason that the President is taking all of the heat is because he is a terrible managing executive and so is his staff. He picked the wrong people. Second, Congress is not helpful and is failing their jobs by putting politics ahead of national interests.
“Asylum and refugee status are special legal protections available to people who have left their home country for their own safety and are afraid to return.
What's the difference between asylum and refugee status under U.S. immigration laws -- that is, who should seek asylum status, and who should seek refugee status? It's simply a matter of where you are when you apply. People outside of the United States must apply for refugee status. People who have already made it to the United States border or the interior (perhaps by using a visa or by entering illegally) can apply for asylum status.
Once granted, both statuses allow you to stay in the United States indefinitely. Asylees and refugees are given permission to work and are allowed to apply for a green card (within one year of either entering the United States as a refugee or being approved for asylum).
But not everyone qualifies for asylum or refugee status. You must meet some strict requirements, as described in this article. In particular, you must show two things:
You are unable or unwilling to return to your home country because you have been persecuted there in the past or have a well-founded fear that you will be persecuted if you go back.
The reason you have been (or will be) persecuted is connected to one of five things: your race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or your political opinion.”