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Archaeologists discover Egyptian tomb dating back 3,300 years

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Archaeologists announced a new discovery this week, as a team has found an Egyptian tomb believed to date back 3,300 years, complete with artifacts inside.

The tomb is located in Abydos, which is one of Egypt's oldest cities, and lies west of the Nile. Today only the tomb's entrance stands, though a 23-foot-high pyramid had originally been built around it. Doctoral student Kevin Cahail of the University of Pennsylvania, who led the excavation, also said that the pyramid may have had a small wall enclosing it and a small mortuary chapel containing a statue inscribed with the names of those buried inside.

Inside the burial complex containing multiple rooms, researchers found the remains of at least 15 people, including 10 to 12 women, three to four men, and a couple of children. The tomb also contained a red sandstone sarcophagus believed to have been made for a scribe named Horemheb, who served as an army general for Tutankhamen. Covering its exterior are what appear to be spells from the Book of The Dead.

No luck as far as the inside of the sarcophagus goes, however. The tomb had reportedly been ransacked at least two times over the years and the mummy of Horemheb was likely stolen during one of those break-ins. Though many artifacts have been taken, the team did find figurines and an amulet inside the tomb in addition to the remains.

UPI notes that the multiple women indicate the possibility of polygamy and could have been wives of the men, while Cahail said it could also have been a family tomb containing several members of the same line. He and the team will present their findings at the American Research Center of Egypt's annual meeting in Portland, Ore. this weekend.



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