There are seven individual foreign nations against which Isaiah wrote prophecies. Those nations were Babylon, Assyria, Philistia, Moab, Damascus, Ethiopia, and Egypt. These are nations whose activities would affect Israel and Judah. Isaiah prophesied judgment on these nations.
Isaiah 13:2-3 (NIV) states;
“Raise a banner on a bare hilltop, shout to them; beckon to them to enter the gates of the nobles. I have commanded those I prepared for battle; I have summoned my warriors to carry out my wrath – those who rejoice in my triumph.”
This speaks about the army coming against Babylon; one of the seven foreign nations whom Isaiah prophecies about. In the days of Isaiah, Babylon was a part of Assyrian Empire. This was a prophecy against Babylon, but would extend to the Assyrians as well (Isaiah 14:24-27). Isaiah 13:3 (“I have commanded those I prepared for battle…”) is considered a reference to the Persian army led by Cyrus the Great. The prophecy of judgment is great on Babylon, showing complete destruction. Isaiah 13:19-20 (NIV) states;
“Babylon, the jewel of kingdoms, the pride and glory of the Babylonians, will be overthrown by God like Sodom and Gomorrah. She will never be inhabited or lived in through all generations; there no nomads will pitch their tents, there no shepherds will rest their flocks.”
For Babylon; the judgment is complete destruction.
The fall of Babylon will be linked to the restoration of Israel (Isaiah 14:1-4). The prophecy in Isaiah 14 continues on telling of the king of Babylon being “brought down to the realm of the dead, to the depths of the pit...” (Isaiah 14:15 NIV) even though he aspired to be “like the Most High” (Isaiah 14:14 NIV). This continues to show the linkage between Israel’s restoration and Babylon’s fall. The complete destruction of Babylon will show no survivors. Isaiah 14:22-23 (NIV) states;
“I will rise up against them, declares the Lord Almighty. I will wipe out Babylon’s name and survivors, her offspring and descendants, declares the Lord. I will turn her into a place for owls and into swampland; I will sweep her with the broom of destruction, declares the Lord Almighty.”
Babylon holds great significance in our Biblical history, having been mentioned from Genesis to Revelation. Revelation 18:21 (NIV) states;
“Then a mighty angel picked up a boulder the size of a large millstone and threw it into the sea, and said: “With such violence the great city of Babylon will be thrown down, never to be found again.””
It is a symbol of the evil world system of the Antichrist. The prophet Daniel will also foretell of the fall of Babylon similar to Isaiah’s prophecy. Because of this, Babylon sticks out into the forefront of the seven foreign nations that Isaiah’s prophesied about.